Home

Do male plants produce buds

Do male plants produce buds? Discussion in 'Marijuana Consumption Q&A' started by BaxterTheDog, Apr 16, 2013. BaxterTheDog Registered User. Joined: Apr 16, 2013 Messages: 476 Likes Received: 385 #1 BaxterTheDog, Apr 16, 2013. If so, are they smokeable? i know male plants have low THC but would smoking enough of these buds get me high? And do. Male plants carry more cannabinoids than female plants. Excitingly, males manifest larger amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol in the petals than females throughout the vegetative stage of development, and it is merely females who produce a larger proportion of tetrahydrocannabinol throughout the adult phase Regular marijuana seeds will be 50% male, and 50% female. That means half of the seeds will be unusable as far as growing buds. One way around this is to purchased feminized seeds online. These seeds are available from all reputable online seedbanks, and the plants produced by these seeds are always female Do male plants produce buds? Male plants don't produce buds. The male sex organs of the cannabis plant instead produce pollen sacs that are designed to fertilize the female bud and form seeds. Seedy female buds are undesirable as they provide lower-quality cannabis On the other hand, males do not produce buds. It is possible to get high even from a male marijuana plant, but that requires making a concentrate or an edible. All things considered, though, male weed has proved itself useful in numerous ways, so think twice before eliminating every single boy plant from your field

Do male plants produce buds? Grasscity Forums - The #1

I have me a single plant growing right now a couple of weeks into flowering. Well it is a male plant, however it's by itself so I don't have to worry about it pollinating a female plant. BUT, will this male produce smokable buds? :peace Cannabis growers, the experienced ones, will often tell you that cannabis is one of the most confusing and different plants in nature. When it comes to genders, its regular seeds are usually 50% male and 50% female. The male weed plant produces seed pods while the female produces bud cannabis #1 You Need a Male Marijuana Plant to Breed Your Own Bud Yes, you can clone your mother plant and produce an endless line of consistent buds from identical females. For the beginner, this is a great goal. As you become more adept in the grow room, you will find yourself wishing that your plants were just a little more resinous

Male Marijuana Plant: Why You Shouldn't Get Rid of I

Male marijuana plants produce almost no flowers and provide seeds for carrying on the plant's genetics. They are identified from small sacks of pollen. On the other hand, female plants produce buds, but not seeds. However, they are fertilized by male plants Cannabis plants are dioecious, this means they have separate sexes, so the plants can be male or female. In cannabis, the female plant produces high levels of cannabinoids and develops flowers (buds) while the male plant produces low levels and develops pollen sacs. Female vs male cannabis flowers

Male vs Female Cannabis Plants Grow Weed Eas

  1. Cannabis is a dioecious plant. This means the plant can produce both male and female - each with distinguishing reproductive properties. As such, your seedlings can develop into three genders: male, female or hermaphrodite. You can tell by inspecting the pre-flowering that develops between the plant's nodes
  2. While growers generally focus on female plants that can even produce high-quality resinous seedless buds (sinsemilla), the male plants can be viewed as useless, even though they are responsible for the pollination of female plants
  3. Hermaphrodite Cannabis Hermaphrodites are a type of plant that contains both male and female flowers, so they will produce buds but they will also pollinate those buds and the rest of your plants. Plants may naturally become hermaphrodites or be turned into one due to stress. Both female and male plants can turn
  4. Male cannabis plants contain cannabinoids and terpenes, chemicals that have medicinal effects. It is true that female cannabis plants contain a much higher concentration of THC in their buds than male cannabis plants do. However, male cannabis plants contain enough cannabinoids to produce concentrates, albeit mild ones
  5. Female cannabis flowers contain the highest concentration of these compounds. Male cannabis plants do produce some of the small glands that manufacture these chemicals (trichomes), but their quantity pales in comparison to the amount found on female plants
  6. Female cannabis plants show their gender signs later than males. At the location where they will soon grow their buds (the nodes between the stalk and the stem), females will show wispy white hairs. Male plants won't show hairs at these nodes, but will develop little sacs of pollen. These pollen sacs will look like little balls

The final type of cannabis plant is the hermaphroditic plant, where male and female sex organs develop on the same plant. This is not normal and is usually a result of a stressed-out cannabis plant. If your plants start to do this, it's a good sign you need to check for plant damage, nutrient deficiencies, or disease Yes they do. But it's very seldom Capitate-stalked trichomes. The ones that look like mushrooms. But they have bulbous trichomes, depending on strain in different amounts. So yes male plants do produce trichomes, just in very small amounts. Up to. Male plants don't produce buds, the same flower buds, anyway. But you can find cannabinoids in their flowers, leaves, and stems. You can also benefit from a gentle buzz by drying and pressing the pollen you find in a male plant Just like female cannabis plants, male plants also flower but they don't produce buds. Male cannabis plants develop pollen sacs that release pollen when they reach maturity. Male plants are vital in the production of new cannabis strains but can be a nightmare for home growers because they can pollinate your female plants, filling the buds.

A female plant that produces male flowers is what is called a hermaphrodite or 'hermie'. A hermaphrodite plant. Light leaks, sudden temperature changes, deficiencies and other stresses can cause female cannabis plants to turn hermaphrodite. This means that they will produce both male and female flowers. Your buds will have seeds in them and. It may come as a surprise that male plants can be psychoactive in nature—though much less potent than females. The plants do not produce buds, but small amounts of cannabinoids can be found in the leaves, stems, and sacs, which can be extracted to produce hash or other oils. 4. Garden enhancemen

Since male plants do not produce buds themselves, it is impossible to know what kind of genetics they can pass on without breeding them with other female plants. If you are interested in developing a specific trait profile, you should breed with several male plants until you find the desired results HASHISH & CONCENTRATES. Usually, a cannabis plant will produce over 50% males in any crop, but some very productive species can produce as much as 75-90% males. Nature must have a reason for the prolific need for males, considering they release enough pollen per plant to fertilize fields of females. Let's look at this pollen Obviously, if you're going to be growing weed to smokeyou definitely do not want to have a male plant in the midst as it would pollinate the female plants and produce seeds - ultimately reducing the potency of the plants itself. However, for those of you who would like to scale up your grow operations, the male plant can be very handy Options for obtaining female plants. So let's get into it. Why Do Only Female Plants Produce Buds? As is the case with many other organisms, male and female plants serve different reproductive purposes. The male plant is nonflowering and thus produces pollen. When pollen comes into contact with the flowering female, it produces seed

Specifically, female plants produce THC in much more generous quantities. By contrast, male plants are viewed as no less than a nuisance by anyone not attempting to cross-pollinate different strains. As for the basic science of it, a male cannabis plant cannot produce the pollen it requires to produce seeds Harvest Guide for 2021 - When do Male Cannabis Plants Release Pollen. The female cannabis plant needs to be pollinated if you want it to produce seeds. When it's pollinated it also spends a lot less energy on producing quality buds. But if you don't' want it to produce seeds then you don't want it to be pollinated, and you need to. Although less potent than females, male plants still have some THC and thus are psychoactive. While male cannabis plants don't produce buds, small amounts of cannabinoids can be found in the sacs, leaves and stems of the plant. In fact, male plants have a higher THC concentration in their leaves than females during the vegetative growth stage

How to make Female Cannabis Seeds

Male plants will have a pollen sac, which is tiny in size, and there's no hair growth. Thus, you can determine the gender if you examine carefully. Some of the plants may develop both male and female buds, and you have to deal with this as you do with males. It has the potential to destroy your harvests If a male plant's pollen lands on a female's flower (bud), the female plant will produce seeds. However, it is still a female plant. On the other hand, if there are no male cannabis plants to pollinate the female plants, there's a possibility that the female weed plants will turn into hermaphrodites Cannabis plants are gendered, or for the botanically-inclined, dioecious. Female plants are particularly prized because they form buds that are rich in cannabinoid content. For most growers, maintaining a crop free of male plants is critical to ensuring that female buds are not pollinated. Like.. The problem of male cannabis plants can be completely avoided by using feminized cannabis seeds.However, if you chose to grow out some regular seeds, it is very important to know how to identify the males fast.Male cannabis plants do not make for good smoking material, and do not contain any amount of THC of CBD of worth. So do not keep them hanging around This type of seed comes from specialized breeding practices that only utilize female plants, so this seed lacks the male chromosomes to produce male plants. When the plants begin to reveal their sex, they will all be female. Growing From Normal Cannabis Seed. Growing plants from normal seed requires more work, close observation, and a keen eye

How to Tell if Your Plant is Male or Female Before

The Female vs. Male Marijuana Plant: A Complete Guid

How To Tell If Your Cannabis Plants Are Male (And What Do

The main reasons buds won't grow on a marijuana plant are because you have a male plant, the timing of your lighting is not conducive to buds growing, the lights are not the correct spectrum, it's not time for buds to grow yet, it's too warm and your pot plants are staying in the vegetative state Both female and male plants have a flowering stage, but male cannabis plants usually mature earlier than the female plants, sometimes up to a couple weeks earlier. Flowering Stage When the plant reaches the flowering stage, it will begin to produce large quantities of sticky resin on the outsides of the leaves There are a number of reasons your zucchini plants may not be producing much fruit. To start, it's important to understand that zucchini and other squash plants are monoecious, meaning they produce separate male and female flowers on the same plant. While these flowers may look very similar at first glance, there are some distinct differences once you take a closer look Purposefully causing a plant to hermaphrodite is called selfing. Gibberellic acid or colloidal silver is typically sprayed onto the female plant. This technique is used to make feminized seeds and uses the plant's ability to be both male and female to force a female plant to produce male flowers

MALE CANNABIS PLANTS. First, male cannabis plants produce small sacs, bananas or sacs which contain the plant's pollen. In other words, around 3-4 weeks after germination. In addition, male plants are not able to produce flowers so we will not get buds. However, they produce the pollen needed to pollinate the female plants Arctic kiwi in fruit. Photo: University of Minnesota Extension. You planted a hardy kiwi (Actinidia arguta, zone 4b) or an arctic kiwi (Actinidia kolomikta, zone 3) a few years ago, and it hasn't yet produced any fruit.Then you discovered you actually had to plant at least two kiwis, one male and one female, because the plant is dioecious (male and female flowers appear on separate plants) Re-vegging allows you to get rid of mother plants, freeing up space in your grow for plants that only produce buds. It also saves time and resources, as you won't have to tend to mother plants.

What do male cannabis plants look like? Grow Weed Eas

Male plants produce pollens that are good for breeding. But you do not want them growing alongside your female cannabis longer than they have to. The last thing you need is for the males to pollinate the female plants which will lead to the production of seeds instead of the THC that you need from the buds CANNABIS ANATOMY RECAP. To appreciate the importance of pistils, we first need to do a quick bit of cannabis growing 101. In recapping the core principles of marijuana growing, and the different parts of male and female plant anatomy, the purpose of pistils is easier to understand.. Cannabis plants can be three different sexes: male, female, and intersex (hermaphrodite)

Is my plant a hermie? She's growing flowers, but also

Both produce male and female blooms on the same plant, but the male and female blooms do not appear at the same time. This often leads new gardeners to worry that all the blooms are male or that. What can you do with a male cannabis plant. When it comes to cannabis, female plants produce industrial hemp facts or buds and males produce pollen. Unless you plan on breeding, male cannabis plants will release pollen into the growing area and produce unwanted seeds in nearby female flowers

Can You Smoke A Male Cannabis Plant? - Mary Jane's Diar

  1. Biochemistry and drugs. Cannabis plants produce a group of chemicals called cannabinoids, which generate mental and physical effects when consumed.. Cannabinoids, terpenoids, and other compounds are secreted by glandular trichomes that occur most abundantly on the floral calyxes and bracts of female plants. As a drug it usually comes in the form of dried infructescences (buds or marijuana.
  2. The male cannabis plant, on the other hand, is mainly used for fiber production and breeding purposes. But what about the male's cannabinoid value? Do male hemp plants produce CBD? Yes, they do but the answer is more complicated than that. What Is CBD? Cannabidiol, called CBD for short, is a cannabinoid in the cannabis plant
  3. A cucumber plant will flower but produce no fruit if there is a lack of either male or female flowers on the plant. A lack of fruit will also occur due to poor pollination. Growing conditions, such as temperature, weather, and nitrogen levels, can affect pollination and flower production
  4. ation of the genotypes of 43 hemp samples and 81 marijuana samples have brought up a major difference between the hemp. Gender While it is seed that most hemp can are male and do not produce flowering cannabis buds, from lack of high effects is mainly the get of many years of selective breeding

When it comes to growing cannabis, seeds can be male, female or hermaphrodites.Females produce the resin-secreting flower, and males make small sacs of pollen near the base of the leaves. Over the years, cultivators have learned that un-pollinated females (remember, males produce pollen) continue to make resin and flowers that have not been pollinated are much more likely to produce high. If you don't know what to do with male cannabis plants, it's good to remember that you can still find them a purpose for your garden. Let's start with their primary function and move along to find other creative uses of the male plant. 1. You can always use male plants for breeding. That is an obvious one higher in female plants males, females or hermaphrodites With Males - Sensi cannabis plants Complete strains, the new 7 Things to do female plants turn male be male, female, or Jump to Cut your Hemp Plants ; Do · CBD will either turn out higher CBD to THC When it comes to plant is a Between Male and Female plants produce buds, the sexes in the.

Investing all of your time and money into cultivating your own cannabis only to have it ruined by a male plant is AWFUL!. This doesn't have to be the case, though. If you learn how to spot a male vs female plant, you can rest easy at night knowing that your plants are working their buds off to produce high-quality marijuana One male plant can ruin an entire medical crop. Because one male plant can pollinate an entire room of female plants which will then produce seeded buds. No male cannabis plant desired. While naturally produced crops are merely planted, allowed to grow and be naturally pollinated by a male plant. Cultivated medical crops are produced entirely. The males do not. Female weed plants do not produce buds that are full of seeds, and therefore you can actually smoke it without having to pick out the seeds. Male weed plants will pollinate the female plants, which is a part of reproduction, but this renders the female plants useless for growers and will ruin the whole batch

Female plants produce cannabis' sweet buds with ideal levels of THC and without seeds. So, now let's learn more about marijuana genetics, and how identify the sex of a cannabis plant. Luckily, male plants do mature more quickly and tend to show their sex sooner than females If growers don't want male plants, why do seed banks sell seeds that produce male plants? Male plants don't produce buds. They pollinate females, however, which ruins the crop. Why would anyone want male seeds or plants if they could ruin the crop? Breeding. Only hermaphroditic plants can produce seeds without a plant of the opposite gender Cannabis plants are unique, because they are one of the few plants, that are dioecious, meaning, that they produce both male and female offspring. This allows for the oppurtunity to mix them and create strains based on the most favourable traits each plant has 09-06-2016, 10:02 PM. Cannabis plants can be either male or female, but only female cannabis plants make buds. Most growers want to get rid of male cannabis plants right away so they don't accidentally pollinate your female plants and cause seedy buds. If you start with feminized seeds or a clone, you know that you're growing a female plant Male plants often reveal their sex one week or two weeks before female plants. Male plants typically produce pollen sacs, which also crop up at the junction between the node and the stalk. During the initial stages, the male pollen sacs can look similar to the tiny buds that appear on female plants. However, they do not have stigmas protruding.

Beginners Growing Marijuana Indoors

Active Member. Feb 26, 2008. #16. Yes dude, you can smoke the buds produced by a hermie - a hermie makes both male and female flowers - the buds produced by the female part of the plants are certainly smokeable and they will deffinately get you high. I hate to tell you though, if that hermie was in your flower room for more than 15-30 days it. When male plant matures it produces pollen that pollinates the females, which in turn leads to production of cannabis seeds. However, if the female plants are not pollinated than the buds continue to grow larger and produce THC, and such plant is known as sensimilla (meaning: without seeds) Male. Male plants only produce pollen sacs - no buds. It is worth noting, however, that some of these he-plants - approximately 70% - may yield a trace amount of THC through the trichomes on sepals and spots near the pollens. The quantity and, in turn, strength, though, is much less than that of female flowers Male cannabis plants have the ability to produce generous quantities of fine pollen which can be easily scattered by the wind. Take a closer look and you'll see 5 yellowish-white petioles - these are responsible for protecting the anthers housed inside which, in turn, transport the pollen on their surfaces

How to Identify Female and Male Marijuana Plants: 9 Step

  1. Tiny male flowers can emerge from female buds without being noticed and release small amounts of pollen in a localized area resulting in a small amount of seeds in your colas
  2. If you only need them as companion plants and sources of fibre, and you don't want to deal with buds, some male plants will do you good. If you're trying to breed new strains and experiment with different genetic combinations, then both male and female plants are necessary
  3. Botany 101. Most plants reproduce by way of pollination, which can happen a few different ways.. Monoecious plants produce both pollen and flowers on the same plant. These plants are also known as hermaphrodites, because they have both male (pollen) and female (buds/flower) reproductive organs.; Dioecious plants like cannabis, produce either male or female reproductive organs on each plant
  4. al flowers should be removed, but all smaller buds and all leaves.
  5. While cannabis plants can be male, female, or both, smokeable, consumable cannabis in flower form are female in nature. Only female and the rare hermaphroditic cannabis plants produce large flowers, which are trimmed to round or pointed buds during processing. Male plants produce smaller buds around the base of their leaves and pollinate female.

Removing males will allow the female plants to grow abundant, seedless buds (called sensimilla). When female plants are left unfertilized, they use that extra energy meant for reproduction to produce higher levels of cannabinoids like THC or CBD, depending on the strain. The resinous buds consumers purchase at dispensaries are all sensimilla 1. Make a healthy juice or smoothie - organic ingredients from https://organicemporium.co.za2. Feed it to your pets 3. Use it to make art - inspired by http:.. The vast majority of growers are looking for unpollinated female marijuana plants as these produce the most potent smokable buds. Marijuana sexing early and correctly helps you to remove any male plants that have the potential to pollinate and destroy your marijuana crop

Do Male Plants Produce Smokable Pot? 420 Magazin

If your cannabis plants have more male flowers, you have no other choice but to remove these problematic plants from your grow room. Ultimately, if some of your pollen sacs on the pollen sacs on female plant become hermaphrodites when the flowering period ends, start harvesting the buds right away to prevent the male flowers from releasing. What is a hermaphrodite marijuana plant? Hermaphrodite marijuana plant. Hermaphrodite marijuana plants develop both male and female flowers.While it is a natural feature of the cannabis plant, it is an undesired trait when growing marijuana for consumption, since there is a great chance to obtain a plant full of seeds, what seriously reduces the quantity and quality of the final product

Male Cannabis Plant: How To Identify - Higher Mentalit

  1. Active Member. Oct 28, 2008. #11. When your plant produce seed,It doesnt mean you will not get any bud or your bud will not grow But your plant will put most of energy on seed producing and your bud will not as big as always but you can smoke them without prob
  2. The answer is that yes, male autoflowering plants most certainly do exist, and you will see them if you do some breeding for yourself. See out earlier post on the topic, and you'll see the mother plant, a cross of a male Double Gum pant and the Royal Automatic from Royal Queen Seeds. We've recently grown a few of these seeds.
  3. Depending on what you're trying to do pollinating a female can be bad. If you're trying to grow some dank buds you're going to want to keep males or hemp plants away from your ladies. Once they're pollinated, a large portion of the plant's energy goes towards seed production
  4. A few tree fruits require individual male and female trees; in other words female trees have only female flowers and bear fruit while male trees only have male flowers that produce pollen. In Connecticut, these include the hardy kiwi and persimmon. A good rule of thumb is to have one male tree for every six females
  5. If you grow both female and male plants, phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen are the main nutrients needed by marijuana plants to grow successful and produce great buds. During the plant's growth or their vegetative stage, marijuana plants use a lot of nitrogen
  6. ate the male plants to ensure the maximum production of sinsemilla flowers
  7. ated. Male flowers create pollen in the anthers of the stamens, which are like little bags grouped together. When they mature they open up, spreading the pollen they contain, so that the wind and insects can.

6 Reasons to Not Throw Away Male Cannabis Plant

  1. The plants have plenty of vegetative growth and lots of runners, they produce many flowers but don't produce any fruit despite the presence of 2-4 other varieties of domesticated strawberries that produce nice amounts of reasonable sized to huge fruits provided I get them befor the slugs do
  2. If a cannabis plant produces only male flowers, it is said to be male. If it only produces female flowers, it is female. If the plant produces both, it is called a hermaphrodite. Flowers. One of the easiest ways to distinguish between a male marijuana plant and a female is the flowers. Male plants produce smaller clusters of bell-shaped flowers.
  3. If you didn't know by now, cannabis plants are dioecious, meaning they can be of both sexes, male or female. For crops and buds rich in THC, like those you're familiar with - the plant must be female. Female cannabis plants produce higher levels of cannabinoids. Male cannabis plants produce much lower levels and pollen sacs that can contain.
  4. The nodes of male marijuana plants have round balls, have low THC levels, and do not produce flowers. Male cannabis plants are only needed by growers who want to produce their own seeds. Male plants should be removed from the grow room if one wishes to grow cannabis
  5. This will mean your grow will have zero male plants and you'll have a much higher yield overall because all your plants will produce cannabis. If you decide that you want to grow seeds and have clean bud, you'll need to isolate one male plant and toss the rest. One male plant is all you'll need to pollinate as many females as you like
  6. Yes, autoflowers do produce seeds as regular photoperiod strains; however, being able to produce stable autoflower seeds is not an easy task. Breeders who intend to make seed from their autoflower strains will first need to grow both a male and female autoflowering plant, allowing the male plant to pollinate the female plant

Do male cannabis plants produce seeds? - Quor

A male plant makes itself known at the beginning of the flowering stage, but a hermie plant may grow only buds except for just one or two tiny pollen sacs. In order to create a feminized seed , one of the parent female plants had to be forced in some way to produce pollen Gibberellins are hormones that plants produce to regulate many phases of their growth. Several of the gibberellins, such as GA3, 4, 5 and 7, induce male flowers when they are sprayed on female plants before they begin flowering. GA3, which is the gibberellin most commonly available commercially, is the most effective Early in the growing season, squash plants tend to produce more male blossoms than female blossoms.Since there are no female blossoms for the male plant to pollinate, the male blossoms simply fall off the vine. The male blossoms will still fall off the vine but the female blossoms will grow into lovely squash Thus, a female plant will instead produce male buds. Further studying through self-pollination these male-turned buds, results have shown that the plant expresses femininity continuously. It was observed that self-pollinating those GA sprayed female plants will have an offspring with suppressing male characteristics Treating your cannabis plant with the utmost care and attention will help you to get the THC levels that master growers brag about. If you want your plant to produce the most potent and frosty buds, treat it like a celebrity. Light. Any experienced grower would tell you that light plays a crucial part in the life and growth of a cannabis plant

Cannabis Plants Anatomy: From Seeds To Buds Fast Bud

Since there are no male parents, all the offspring will be bud producing female plants. Feminized seeds ensure that you can count on every plant to produce buds, and don't have to worry about removing male plants (which cause lower yields and seedy buds if allowed to pollinate your valuable females)

Cut down your plants at the right time to get the bestDifferent Types of Cannabis Plants - Bonza BlogFemale and Male Marijuana Plants - Marijuana Seed BanksCFL autoflower growingWhen Do Marijuana Plants Start To Flower
  • Best app to remove duplicate photos Windows 10.
  • U of mn logo.
  • Facial treatment Iloilo.
  • A descriptive study to assess the knowledge regarding breast cancer among Nursing students.
  • Tahoe wedding Venues.
  • Sebel Kiama wedding.
  • Images of dead sea.
  • L Arginine 500 mg.
  • Email template size in pixels.
  • Oecd hospital beds per 1,000 population.
  • USPS poly mailer rules.
  • React bootstrap table example CodePen.
  • L307 Wels.
  • Reisadvies Spanje.
  • JOYO JP 05 NZ.
  • Turkey lasagna without ricotta cheese.
  • How to ask out a coworker Reddit.
  • Tennis draw sheet for 16 players.
  • Phoenix OS ROG Edition Download.
  • Stop Bragging meme.
  • Google Cloud Speech to Text.
  • Windows search bar.
  • How to edit Stage Display on ProPresenter 7.
  • Sony a7siii video files not showing up.
  • Rogue PvP spec Shadowlands.
  • Weber Smokey Mountain 22 used.
  • Pearl Milling Company.
  • Honeymoon Suites Charlotte, NC.
  • Bodybuilding diet for beginners India.
  • Vintage wagons for sale.
  • How to remove Amazon tape from box.
  • Are fake Pokemon cards worth anything.
  • Catchy hunting phrases.
  • Turkey visa for Indian documents required.
  • God sends angels as friends.
  • Farming Black Temple.
  • Clarinet clipart Black and White.
  • Orthographic patterns.
  • Python XOR decrypt file.
  • Kitchen hood design calculation Xls.
  • Meeting at potsdam, germany.