Characteristics of trees of Kerala

Trees in Kerala Different Species of Trees Kerala Keral

Coconut tree is the state tree of Kerala. In Kerala, coconut tree is called Kalpavriksha and is a tall and branchless tree. The fruit of the tree is big and oval shaped. Inside the fruit lies the thick brown fibre which surrounds the hard shell Some of the trees such as Borassus, Alstonia scholaris, Antiaris toxicaria, Hopea parviflora, Strychnos nux-vomica, Ficus religiosa etc are being worshipped in many sacred groves. On a rough estimate Kerala has about 1500 sacred groves which are distinct and unique in biological diversity Apart from these, millions of seedling trees grow throughout the country, each of which has its own distinctive characteristics. A major portion of mango trees in Kerala are of seedling origin. Tender and mature but unripe mangoes are extensively used for making pickles and chutney. Ripe fruits are eaten as such Coconut trees (Thengu) Jack fruit tree (Plaavu) Sheemaplaavu Mango trees (Maavu) Plantains (Vaazha) Fig tree (Aathi) Custard Apple Guava (Pera) Pulinchi Rubber Neem tree (Veppu) Peepal (Arayaal) Banyan tree (Peraal) Tamarind (Puli) Cashew nut tree..

Flora - Keral

Cinnamomum tamala, Indian bay leaf, also known as tejpat, tezapatta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian cassia, or malabathrum, is a tree in the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. Its leaves have a clove-like aroma with a hint of peppery taste; they are used for culinary and medicinal purposes 1. INTRODUCTION Homegarden (syn. homestead farm) agroforestry is a predominant land use system in Kerala (Nair and Sreedharan, 1986). About 4 1,80,900 operational holdings with an average size of 0.43 ha are under this land use practice (Kerala Agricultural University, 1989). Home- stead agroforestry is characterised by an intensive integration of trees and shrubs with foo Kerala grown A. mangium were available. a preliminary study was conducted during 1994-'96 to evaluate the performance of this species. Trees of age 1 to 13 years available either or from singly plantations in different parts of the Kerala State were used for the study. Growth studie Indiscriminate use of natural resources in the past has lead to fuelwood shortages in many parts of the tropical world. To surmount this domestic energy crisis, not only degraded sites must be planted with trees having high fuel value potential, but also agroforestry promoted on arable lands The Kerala State lies along the south-west corner of Peninsular India, between 80 18' and 120 48' N latitude and 740 52' and 770 22'E longitude. The boundaries of the State are the Lakshadweep sea in the west, Tamilnadu in the south and east and Karnataka in the north

Through this column, let me give a brief description of a few local or native plants of Kerala. 1. Annaankizhangu - It's a thorny plant common seen in South Malabar in red brick hills, which grow on rocks. Stems sprout from tubers, and leaves resembles small scales of fishes. Flower bunches may grow up to half meter with beautiful flowers. Jacob (1997) has recorded that a major portion of the upper canopy of home gardens in southern Kerala, above 25 m in height, includes coconut, areca nut, fruit trees, and trees used for timber. This is followed by medium-sized fruit, spice, and timber or fuel trees, growing to a height of 10-20 m

Root characteristics of tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] and silver oak [Grevillea robusta (A. Cunn)] in a mixed tea plantation at Munnar, Kerala K.S. Niranjana1 and S. Viswanath2* 1Tata Tea Limited, R&D Department, Munnar 685 612, Kerala; 2Tree Improvement and Propagation Division, Institute of Woo 3. Methods3.1.. Phytosociological analysis of tree speciesThe density, frequency and basal area were estimated for tree seedlings (individuals with girth <10.0 cm and height <1 m), saplings (individuals with 10.1-30.0 cm girth at 1.37 m above-ground) and mature trees (individuals with more than 30.1 cm girth at 1.37 m above-ground level or at a height 2-2.5 m in the case of buttressed. Mango has undergone considerable varietal differentiation. In India alone, over 100 named varieties are known. Apart from these, millions of seedling trees grow throughout the country, each of which has its own distinctive characteristics. A major portion of mango trees in Kerala are of seedling origin Kerala one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. Tourism in Kerala was able to transform itself into one of the nice holiday destinations in India. Kerala is popular for Culture, Festivals, beaches, backwaters, mountain ranges and wildlife sanctuaries, thats why kerala is known as God\'s own country. Overall, Kerala is one of the most visited tourism destinations in India However, urban ecosystems have become a favorite breeding habitat of these birds. To provide inputs into the habitat management for conservation of these birds, we investigated the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of nesting trees of heronry birds in the urban environment of the North Kerala region of peninsular India

Fruit Plants, Trees, Flora of Keral

What trees are native to Kerala? - Quor

Vegetation characteristics of Southern secondary moist mixed deciduous forests of Trichur District, Kerala Varghese A.O. IntroductionAs per the classification of Champion and Seth (1968), the deciduous forest of Trichur District is of southern secondary moist mixed deciduous type, because of the high rainfall enough to support wet evergreen forest Three characteristics of tropical evergreen forests are. (i) The trees reach a great height upto 60 m or even above. Trees are tall, thick and have vigorous growth. (ii) As the region is warm and wet throughout the year, it has a luxuriant vegetation of all kinds-trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a multilayered structure Characteristics of hybrid coconuts: developed by Kerala Agriculture University and Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. They are very high yielders under good management conditions. The number of coconuts for hybrid coconut tree shall give 250 coconuts per tree per year leading to an annual production of 1 to 17,000 coconuts per acre

Palm trees are tropical plants that enjoy warm, humid, and sunny weather. The annual temperature must be kept above 22º for the plant to develop properly. So, plant your palm in a place that receives sunlight daily. The best time of the year to plant palm trees is between summer and early autumn, the period with the highest rainfall University of Kerala's digital garden: What to expect Just scanning the QR code is sufficient to provide you with information about the botanical characteristics of the tree or the plant. Central Public Works Department 3 Handbook of Landscape 35b. Evergreen Tree : Tree that remains green for most part of the year and sheds leaves slowly throughout the year. 36. Tree Grate : A metal grille, installed at the base of a tree otherwise surrounded by pavement, that allows the free passage of air, water, and nutrients to the tree root, bu Kerala's total recorded forest covers 28.90% of the total land area of the state. Forests of Kerala are broadly classified into 5 major categories,Kerala's wildlife and vegetation, National Parks in Kerala, Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala proportion in Eucalyptus trees from intensively-managed short-rotation plantations in Kerala, India. We analysed the impact of nitrogen fertilisation and weed management on wood density and heartwood proportion in Eucalyptus tereticornis and E. grandis trees from 6.5-year-old experimental plantations in Kerala, India

REGENERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SELECTION FELLED FOREST GAPS OF DIFFERENT AGES IN THE EVERGREEN FORESTS OF SHOLAYAR, KERALA, INDIA Journal of Tropical Forest Sdence 8(3): 355 - 368 (1996) 355 N. Rajesh, B. Mohan Kumar & N.K. Vijayakumar College of Forestry, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellanikkara, Thrissur 680 654 , India Received October. The Short Answer: The characteristics of the rings inside a tree can tell scientists how old a tree is and what the weather conditions were like during each year of that tree's life. Very old trees can offer clues about what the climate in an area was like long before measurements were recorded. Image credit: Flickr user Bernard Spragg

Fuelwood characteristics of tree species in homegardens of

  1. C. 21. Beech Tree
  2. Characteristics of Dwarf Coconut Trees. The Dwarf Coconut is small in stature (5-7 meters) and commences bearing earlier than the tall variety; The average life of Dwarf Coconut tree span is 40-50 years. Dwarf or short variety which producing green, orange, and yellow color nuts
  3. Mango has undergone considerable varietal differentiation. In India alone, over 100 named varieties are known. Apart from these, millions of seedling trees grow throughout the country, each of which has its own distinctive characteristics. A major portion of mango trees in Kerala are of seedling origin

Varieties of it, such as October Glory, Red Sunset and Redpointe, make some of our showiest back-yard shade-tree options. Most varieties grow 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide in full sun. declined to 13.89. Kerala represents 88 percent of small holding rubber cultivation area in the country. Rubber cultivation and production is not an easy and simple avocation. It needs a large and professional labour force during its whole lifetime existence. Tapping of rubber trees is not only a skilled job but also highly labour intensive.

Plantation and Vegetation of Kerala -Cocohol Tou

Ans. The characteristics of pygmies are -. The usually have short stature and dark complexion. They often wear deer skin or leaves as clothes. Pygmies build semi circular houses out of branches of trees and broad leaves. Cassava ( tapioca ) is their staple food. They also eat hunted meat and gathered fruits Kerala Startup Mission Climbing a coconut tree is difficult and workers too aren't easily available, according to Saji. such as the characteristics of the milk to physiological. Deciduous trees, to10 m high, bole crooked, irregular; bark 5-6 mm thick, grey to greyish-brown; exudation red; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; stipules small, lateral, cauducous; rachis 12-20 cm long, stout, pubescent, pulvinate; stipels subulate; petiolule 5-10 mm long, stout, pubescent; lateral leaflets 8.8-13.7 x 5.5-11 cm, broadly oblong-ovate or suborbicular. This dwarf coconut tree was first released in 1991 by the Central Plantation Crops Research Institute in Kerala, India, with the purpose of widespread cultivation. It is an early flowering variety, taking between 3 and 4 years to begin flowering and subsequently bearing fruit. The coconuts produced by this tree are round with orange skin differently, in the activity of cleansing, preparing and aligning the data.Hevea brasiliensis, the rubber tree is the source of Natural Rubber (NR) which is the most versatile raw material of nature, having multifarious uses This paper analyses and studies the factors that affect the yield of rubber in Kerala

For Palayankodan (rainfed), planting may be done in January and the suckers may be given pot irrigation @ nine litres of water once in 15 days until April-May. After planting banana, sow sunn hemp / daincha / cowpea adopting a seed rate of 50 kg/ha. Incorporate the crop into the soil 40 days after sowing Allometric relationships linking oven dry above ground tree biomass (kg tree −1) with DBH (cm) and/or total tree height (H) in m for fast growing multipurpose belonging to three age-series in Kerala, India (best fitting 3-4 equations per sepcies were selected based on r 2 and graphical examination of the residuals Young pine trees are usually conical, with whorls of horizontal branches. Older trees may have round, flat, or spreading crowns. Most species have thick rough furrowed bark. Pines have two types of branches, long shoots and short shoots, and three types of leaves, primordial, scale, and adult The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. Kerala, India Specimen Condition Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group. For trees, shrubs Shannons' diversity index values show tree species diversities were reported from other comparatively high value for seedlings (3.21) regions of Western Ghats: Nilambur, 2.52; followed by herbs (2.74), trees (2.62) and Idukki 2.14 (Sanal, 1997); Aralam, 1.96 shrubs (1.48) (Table 2)

Fruits Giving Plants & their Types Kerala Keral

that the trees of the upper canopy shed their leaves during the dry season from February to April. Xylia xylocarpa, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia tomentosa, Garuga pinnata, Cinnamomum spp., Bridelia retusa, Grewia tiliaefolia and are the common tree species. In the lower canopy, Ixora spp., Lantana camara andClerodendrum spp. occur as. For example, a tree called the Dodda Alada Mara (Big Banyan Tree) is a popular tourist attraction in Bangalore. This 400-year-old tree covers nearly 12,000 m2 and is considered the largest of its kind. Ecological Value of Trees. Trees are important to the ecosystem because, without them, the land would become barren and lifeless The characteristics of the major avocado races are:a) Mexican race: Small (250 g) fruit type, ripening 6 to 8 months after flowering. Fruits have thin smooth skin with a large seed fitting loosely in the central cavity. Oil content is up to 30 per cent in the fruits. Trees of this race are cold hardy Characteristics: Long lived palm living generally to an age of about 80 to 90 years; Palms thrive well under different soil conditions varying from littoral sands to red loams and laterites. Palms grow well up to an altitude of 3,000 ft. above the sea level. It is fairly resistant to diseases and pests This tree grows in all but the coldest northern parts of the continental U.S. and makes pollen in the fall. The American elm, once common in the East and Midwest, has been steadily dying out since.

Beautiful Bangladesh: Jackfruit, The National Fruit of

The other name of this cold tolerable banana tree name is the ice cream banana tree is also called as Blue java. This fruit is grown in tropical areas like Hawaii, Central America, and Southeast Asia.The best temperature to grow this 15 feet growable tree is 65-degrees F. The soil should be well irrigated with water to hold the water Characteristics. The nutmeg tree is a large evergreen tree spice belonging to Myristicaceae family and grows to a height of about 18 m. It produces fruits eight to nine years after planting. Immature fruit split, fruit rot and fruit drop are serious in a majority of nutmeg gardens in Kerala. Immature fruit splitting and shedding are noticed. Peechi, Kerala, India: Kerala Forest Research Institute. Booth TH, Jovanovic T, 2000. Improving descriptions of climatic requirements in the CABI Forestry Compendium. A report for the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. CSIRO - Forestry and Forest Products, Client Report No. 758. Bourdillon TF, 1908. The forest trees of. Thiruvananthapuram: Expressing solidarity with the people of Lakshadweep, the Kerala Legislative Assembly on Monday unanimously passed a resolution demanding the recall of island administrator Praful Khoda Patel and requesting the immediate intervention of the Centre to protect the lives and livelihood of the islanders.With this, Kerala has become the first state in the country to come up with.

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Banganapalli Mango: Health Benefits - Greens of Keral

8 E 8.49373444 N 76.952444 E 8.49373444 76.952444 Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical KEAM is an entrance examination series for admissions communities like Kerala Cochin Jews and Kerala Syrian Christians have made settlements along the South Western coast of Malabar, in Kerala South India. Kerala ˈkɛrələ listen is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1. the Kerala region of Agasthyamalai. According to Champion and Seth (1968), two types of wet ever­ green forest are seen in this area, i.e. west coast tropi­ cal evergreen forest and southern hill top tropical evergreen forest. West coast tropical evergreen for­ est is characterised by a luxurious growth of trees of

Mango tree with fruits. Mango, or Mangifera indica is a tree native to India. It grows from seeds and the trees can grow upto 10-40 meters in height. Mango trees are evergreen with rounded canopy. The roots are long and unbranched and measure upto 8 meter in length. The leaves have a set of interesting features to notice Natural without any supervision, the following fruits grow in Kerala; 1. Mangoes 2. Jack fruits 3. Wild Jack fruits 4. Guava 5. Papaya 6. Bananas 7. Custard apples 8. Cashew fruit 9. Black plums 10. Gooseberry 11. Bread fruit 12. Tamarind 13. Brin.. The jackfruit tree is 15 to 20 metres (50 to 70 feet) tall at maturity and has large stiff glossy green leaves about 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) long. The small unisexual flowers are borne on dense inflorescences that emerge directly from the trunk and branches. Jackfruit is the largest tree-borne fruit in the world, reaching up to 60 cm (about 2 feet) long and weighing up to 18 kg (about 40.

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Cinnamomum tamala - Wikipedi

What are the 5 characteristics of mangrove forest? Mangrove forests are found in the lands near the coastlines in the subtropical and tropical regions of the world. The roots of mangroves are developed to be exposed to air as the marshy swamps restrict the intake of oxygen. A mangrove forest is at the intersection of land and sea, and they. Many other varieties of banana are also available in Kerala markets. They may have varying local names like Annaan, Aattilchaadi etc. Aattilchaadi is one of the less-taste varieties of banana, with big seeds inside. Kannan, Koombilla Kannan, Kadali, Karinkadali, Thenkadali, Chempoovan, Malampoovan, Viroopakshi, Padathi, Eranadan, Chethi. Trees reach great heights up to 60 metres or even above. It has a luxuriant vegetation of all kinds - trees, shrubs, and creepers giving it a multilayered structure. In India, evergreen forests are found in the western slopes of the Western Ghats in States such as Kerala and Karnataka. They are also found in hills of Jaintia and Khasi Tree Mangrove forests: These forests occur on both east and west sea coasts. The best development occurs in Sundarbans. The forest floor is flooded with salt water daily. Plants may attain a height 10-15 metres and form an almost closed evergreen forests. The common trees of these forests are Rhizophora mucronata, R. conjugata, Avicennia alba.

Kerala Plants, Plants in Kerala, Flowering Plants of

3. Religious Architecture of Kerala 66. 4. Residential Architecture of Kerala 110. 5. The Spatial Expression 162. 6. Building Components, Technology and the Craftsmanship in Wood 194. 7. Kerala, Karnataka, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Lakshadweep, Orissa and Tripura. The tree also yields, on tapping, good quantity and quality of coconut juice or toddy which can be fermented or converted into jaggery or sugar. It can prefer for both edible purpose and soap manufacture. 20 Fruit yield for 5- to 8-year-old trees is about 22 pounds per tree; for 13-year-old trees the crop is approximately 176 pounds. Trees can reach 20 feet tall, excluding leaves, in 15 to 20 years. Characteristics of a Shrub. Lack of a trunk: They branch near the ground, hence do not have a well-defined trunk and rather have many stems. Broad leave plants: Shrubs are usually as such. Hardy plants: They grow in all types of soil and are hardy. Shrubs are seasonal since they generally thrive in a sunny environment. Also, they are smaller. Thar Desert, arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. It is located partly in Rajasthan state, northwestern India, and partly in Punjab and Sindh (Sind) provinces, eastern Pakistan. It covers some 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) of territory

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Study on canopy disturbance regime and mechanism of tree species diversity maintenance in the lower subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, South China. Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 136, Issue. 2, p. 241 The biovolume of trees was calculated using formula, Volume of tree = LP H (Pascal 1984) where D is the diameter at breast height and //the height of tree. Height of the tree was measured using Abney's Scale. Litter dynamics Measurements of litter production and turnover rate were carried during the period 1992-1994 The specific trees varied between different cultures and geographic areas, but those held to be 'sacred' shared certain traits in common - unusual size or beauty, the wide range of materials they provided, unique physical characteristics, or simply the power of the tree's spirit could grant it a central place in the folklore and. An overview of trees outside forests in Kerala with focus on the timber sector. In: Status and Recent Researches on Important Timber Trees of India, Chapter: 12, Publisher: Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, PB 1061, R.S. Puram, Coimbatore, Editors: C. Buvaneswaran, S. Senthilkumar, S. Saravanan, P. Kathirvel, S. Murugesan, R.S. The tree standing at Gavi forest is of robust stem and lush foliage. According to state Forest Department officials, though the fully-grown gopher in Gavi is the only such tree sighted in the periphery of the jungle, possibly there could be more such trees still surviving in the inner forests of PTR