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Deformities of knee joint ppt

Knee Hero: Schützen und pflegen Sie Ihre Knie ab heute! Knee Hero: Sofortige Linderung von Gehschmerzen und -beschwerde Kostenlose Lieferung möglic Knee examination 1. Dr Dhananjaya Sabat MS, DNB, MNAMS Assistant Professor Department of Orthopedics Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, INDIA 2. CHIEF COMPLAINS Pain Swelling Stiffness Mechanical Disorders (locking, giving Way, click) Limp Deformity 3 Deformities of the knee joint. In normal adult the knee are in 5-7 degree valgus ; any deviation from this may regarded as deformity . The three common deformities are : 1- bow leg deformity (genu varum) . 2- knock knee (genu valgum) . 3- hyper extension (genu recurvatum)

2. Patient standing: Front Knee alignment for deformity - Varus (bow leg) - Valgus ( knock knee) - Windswept deformity Patellar rotation (to one side) Foot rotation Any scars (arthroscopic scars) Wasting of quadriceps Figs A to C: Varus/valgus knee/windswept deformity 4Knee Examination/ Sunil Baniya 5 3. • The knee joint - the largest joint - the largest intra-articular space - third common site for osteoarticular tuberculosis - accounts for nearly 10% of all skeletal tuberculous lesions. 4. Pathology • Initial focus - hematogenous dissemination in the synovium - in the subchondral bone - juxta-articular osseous focus Anatomy of the Knee Joint 1. KNEE JOINT MOHAMED ELADL 2. KNEE JOINT The knee joint is the largest and most complicated joint in the body. Basically, it consists of two condylar joints between the medial and lateral condyles of the femur and the corresponding condyles of the tibia, and a gliding joint, between the patella and t Total knee replacement (tkr) ppt 1. Dr Shams ur Rehman Wazir PG Trainee Orthopedics B Unit Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar, Pakistan [email_address Knee Replacement Surgery in Jaipur|Knee Replacement doctor in Jaipur - Get reliable and efficient Knee replacement in Jaipur for increased mobility and decreased pain in people who have an injured or arthritic knee joint. More than 90 percent of patients who have knee replacement surgery experience less pain and greater mobility in their knee after the procedure

deformity at the knee in approximate proportion to the percentage of the way that deformity is located toward the knee. Example 1 (Figure 4.1-A): A 10° varus deformity 80% of the way from the hip to the knee, or 20% of the way above the knee, would impart an approximately 8° varus deformity at the knee, which would be 100% on the femoral side Knee deformities - Bow legs. Bow legs is also a common knee deformity. In milder forms, it's not even noticeable, particularly if one wears ankle length clothes. Nevertheless, even mild bow legs (deformed more than 3 degrees, as measured on a special, long leg - hip to ankle x-ray) have bearing on 'life' of the knee A flexion deformity of the knee is the inability to fully straighten or extend the knee, also known as flexion contracture. Normal active range of motion (AROM) of the knee is 0° extension and 140° flexion. In people with a flexion deformity, AROM of one or both knees is reduced. It develops as a result of failure of knee flexors to lengthen. A PPT on Knee Replacement by Jyotinursinghome|Best orthopedic & Surgical Hospital - Knee replacement is required when knee become painful and stiff due to degeneration of articular cartilage and altered biomechanics of the knee. Get best treatment for knee replacement at jyotinursinghome with advanced surgery and experienced doctors

Examination Of The Knee Reveals No Deformity, Effusion, Or Ligamentous Laxity. PPT. Presentation Summary : Examination of the knee reveals no deformity, effusion, or ligamentous laxity. The knee joint and surrounding tissues are not tender to palpation, with th Coronal plane deformities of the knee are common disorders affecting the lower limb in children and adolescents. 1 The deformity can originate from the distal femur or proximal tibia. Genu valgum usually arises from deformity in the distal femur and genu varum because of deformity in the proximal tibia; however, it may not always be true (Fig. 1a-d)

Chapter 85 Congenital Deformities of the Knee Charles E. Johnston, II, Matthew E. Oetgen Congenital deformities of the knee include hyperextension and flexion deformities, present at birth, whose severity at first glance may appear to be incompatible with functional ambulation. With the exception of patellar dislocation, which may not be apparent at birth, these deformities Congenital deformities about the knee are the result of abnormalities of all the anatomical structures that make up this joint. In some cases the structural changes observed are due to primary disorders of formation and growth of one or more of the anatomical components of the knee Title: Total Knee Arthroplasty in Varus Knee Author: MAHDI18 Last modified by: user1 Created Date: 2/19/2007 5:01:00 AM Document presentation format - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5ab56b-OTI3 Knee osteoarthritis (OA), also known as degenerative joint disease, is typically the result of wear and tear and progressive loss of articular cartilage. It is most common in elderly people and can be divided into two types, primary and secondary: Primary osteoarthritis - is articular degeneration without any apparent underlying cause

Knee Pain Associated With Or Without Osteoarthritis Is A Common Pathology PPT. Presentation Summary : Knee pain associated with or without osteoarthritis is a common pathology in the rehabilitation clinic. Bilateral OA with knee pain & deformities. This is contraindicated in knee joints that have an oblique joint line, as the subsequent tibial osteotomy causes an increase in obliquity. This is also true in patients where a distal femoral deformity causes a varus malalignment of the axis.30 Generally, the principles of the correction of deformity as formulated by Paley31 should be respected Windswept deformities (WSD) of the knee are not common presentations and pose unique challenges during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition to resurfacing the arthritic surfaces of the joint, restoration of the normal biomechanics of the knee is essential [].WSD present a scenario with the knees at two extremes of the deformity spectrum in the coronal plane, and each extreme shows varied.

Chapter_16_The_Knee_Print.ppt - The Knee Chapter 16 Anatomy Bones \u2022 Femur \u2013 Medial Condyle \u2013 lateral condyle \u2022 Designed to articulate with Tibia - Head (top) fibula • Function: - protect from varus forces • Joint Capsule - tough/fibrous sack surrounding the knee joint swelling - Deformity (patella. Is computer-assisted total knee replacement for beginners or experts? Prospective study among three groups of patients treated by surgeons with different levels of experience - Joint Surgeon Indore including knee, hip and shoulder replacement by Dr. Sunil Rajan. He has been providing joint replacement surgeries in Indore for more than 20 years. knee replacement in indore, knee replacement. The effect of extraarticular varus and valgus deformity on total knee arthroplasty. The effect of varus tilt on contact stresses in total knee arthroplasty: a biomechanical study. Step-by-step measurements of soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty for patients with varus knees. The Difficult Knee: Severe Varus and Valgus Angular deformities of the lower limbs are common during childhood. In most cases this represents a variation in the normal growth pattern and is an entirely benign condition. Presence of symmetrical deformities and absence of symptoms, joint stiffness, systemic disorders or syndromes indicates a benign condition with excellent long-term outcome Varus knee deformity is far more frequent than valgus deformity. The soft tissue contractures with a fixed varus deformity often include static stabilizers and dynamic stabilizers. Static stabilizers are the ligamentous and fascial structures, and dynamic stabilizers are the semimembranosus and pes tendon group

Over time, untreated varus knee can cause joint pain, especially when walking. It also causes unusual wear and tear on the cartilage in your knee, which can lead to osteoarthritis Total knee arthroplasty in conjunction with intra-articular bone resection is an effective procedure for patients with arthritis of the knee and extra-articular varus deformity of <20 degrees in the femur or 30 degrees in the tibia in the coronal plane REPRINTED FROM MEDICAL • REGISTER. flDcblcal College otVirginia. TABLEOr CONTENTSI XST.-WAIT.. iffias*-•gjjusBmas •sitcas-jv**..... EDITORIAL ROOmS a Price,Jl per annum. Single Copy, 15 cents. OCTOBER 15, 1897, TREATMENT OF FLEXION DEFORMITIES OF THE KNEE-JOINT. By A. K. SHANDS, M, U., Washington, D. C. Read before the MedicalSociety ofVirginia,Hot Springs,August31-.

This is a power point presentation on the knee joint for the undergraduate medical students. anatomy of the knee joint is explained in simple words along wit.. of Knee Pain November 11, 2016. Raymond H. Kim, M.D. Colorado Joint Replacement. Porter Adventist Hospital. Denver, Colorado. Adjunct Associate Professor of Bioengineering, Department of Mechanical and Materials . Engineering, University of Denver. Clinical Associate Professor. Department of Orthopaedic Surgery. Joan C. Edwards School of Medicin

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Knee examination - SlideShar

The ligaments and menisci provide static stability and the muscles and tendons dynamic stability.. The main movement of the knee is flexion - extension.For that matter, knee act as a hinge joint, whereby the articular surfaces of the femur roll and glide over the tibial surface. During flexion and extension, tibia and patella act as one structure in relation to the femur Infections of bone and joints are one of the most common causes of deformities. Tuberculosis and septic infections cause the largest number of deformities. Infected non-union of long bones is indeed a big challenge. Degeneration: Degeneration of the joints plays a major role in deformities and most commonly occurs in the knee joints.

1. Introduction. Angular deformities around the knee joint necessitate special consideration to restore normal alignment during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In the region of 10-15% of patients requiring a primary TKA present with a valgus deformity (VD), the accurate correction of which still poses a challenge [ 1 ] Solomin et al., analysed the outcome of 8 cases of multilevel deformity correction using the Spring Technique, 5 cases of lengthening and rotation correction over the nail, 25 cases of knee joint stiffness, 13 midfoot, 11 hindfoot, and 19 complex foot deformities correction (Solomin et al. 2017). The results in the Spring Technique group.

If knee valgus is associated with knee flexion contracture or hindfoot valgus, the surgical correction of these deformities is required at the same setting. In addition, the use of an AFO, forearm crutches, or a combination of both should be encouraged to increase stance-phase stability and decrease stress in the knee joint [ 24 , 36 ] Valgus deformity in total knee replacement is a much lesser encountered problem than varus deformity. The deformity can be caused by either bony or ligamentous pathology or both. Bone defects like lateral cartilage erosion, lateral condylar hypoplasia and metaphyseal femur and tibial plateau remodeling along with soft tissue pathologies like tight lateral collateral ligament (LCL. Arthritis of the knee is a common problem. There are different types, but they share some symptoms, such as swelling, tenderness, loss of mobility, and deformity Knee joint anatomy involves looking at each of the different structures in and around the knee. The knee joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. There are various muscles that control movement, ligaments that give stability, special cartilage to absorb pressure and various other structures to ensure smooth. Three main types of joint deformity must be distinguished. The first type is restriction of the normal range of motion (eg, a lack of full joint extension that results in a flexion deformity). The second is malalignment of the articulating bones (eg, ulnar deviation of the fingers or valgus deformity of the knee)

In patients with postpolio residual deformities, joint replacement can be indicated. In one study, pain and knee scores improved following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with a history of poliomyelitis and antigravity quadriceps strength, but there was less pain relief in patients with less than antigravity quadriceps strength. [31, 32 Total Knee Replacement: Valgus Release Adolph V. Lombardi Jr. The valgus arthritic knee presents as a complex deformity characterized by bone loss involving the lateral femoral condyle, contractures of the lateral soft tissue structures, and concomitant instability. Patient Presentation and Symptoms Patients with end-stage degenerative joint disease (DJD) and valgus knee deformity present with.

Knee Deformities. Content Area. Osteochondromas in the upper fibula may lead to a valgus knee deformity (knock knees). To correct this, we will perform an osteotomy of the tibia. The osteochondroma often tethers or envelops the peroneal nerve. The peroneal nerve is very important and is responsible for controlling the muscles of the foot intrinsic deformity resulting in abnormal pronation is forefoot varus. The definition of forefoot varus is an inversion of the forefoot on the rearfoot with the subtalar joint in neutral (Fig. l).15 Root et aI.l5 describe it as a frontal plane deformity, that is compensated at the subtalar joint by eversion o This view shows any deformities after a knee replacement (9). The Anatomy of the Knee. The knee, a synovial joint, is the largest joint in the body (10). The femur, patella, and tibia are connected via the knee joints (11). The femur bone is located between the knees and hip in the lower limb (12) The knee, the largest joint in the body, is a compound condylar joint. The specific anatomy of the knee should be reviewed. The specific anatomy of the knee should be reviewed. Inspect the knees for discoloration, swelling, and deformities and note whether they are laterally angulated (genu varum) or medially angulated (genu valgum) The use of such splints protects the knee joint, prevents deformity recurrence after multilevel lengthening and enables a safer start to weight bearing and ambulation after surgery. Knee Immobilizers [edit | edit source] Knee immobilizers are made of soft elastic material and hold only the knee joint in extension, leaving the ankle joint free

2. Patella (Knee cap): Largest sesamoid bone. Functions: fulcrum for quadriceps. protects knee joint. enhances lubrication and nutrition of knee. Accessory or bipartite patella: may represent failure of fusion of the superolateral corner of the patella and is commonly confused with patellar fractures. 3 The most common symptoms of knee dislocation are the visible swelling and deformity of the knee joint. The lower extremity will often look shortened and misaligned, and any movement of the joint will cause extreme pain. About half of all knee dislocations are repositioned prior to arrival at the hospital OA of the knee is a progressive condition in which cartilage breaks down around the bones in a joint. As time goes on, the bones will start to rub together, and bone spurs can develop A hinge is the simplest type of orthotic knee joint. Hinges attached to the uprights on either side of the knee provide mediolateral, rotational, and hyperextension restriction while permitting knee flexion. An offset joint is a hinge placed posterior to the midline of the leg so that the patient's weight line falls anterior to the joint

Joint lining becomes inflamed, causing pain, swelling, and redness. Over time, relentless inflammation can damage the cartilage and bones of the feet, leading to foot deformity. For an estimated 20% of people with RA, the first symptoms they have are in the feet 13 hrs ·. knee deformities : In a perfectly aligned knee, weight is distributed evenly across the knee joint. However, not all knees are perfectly aligned. When the knee joint bows outward or inward, this distributes weight unevenly across the joint and is referred to as knee malalignment. There are 2 main types of knee malalignment Abnormal swelling and deformity in the thigh after an IIlJUIY are syphilis, typhoid fever or pneumonia in the past. This gives a clue to the diagnosis. Previous angle is about 40°. In fractures when the luberosity is displaced upwards lifting the posterior tl1e extensor mechanism of tl1e knee joint viz. the quadriceps and osteoarthritis is a.

man slips on one leg, automatically the other knee gradually flexes until he falls down. In order affected joint. On inspection the joint is held slightly flexed, A. INSPECTION.- Abnormal swelling and deformity in the thigh after an IIlJUIY are genera lized rarefaction (tuberculosis), gross des truction (Ch arcot's joint, tuberculosis and diminished due to erosion of the in crush fracture of. fig.13.43.- Points of tenderness 1.-Scar, sinus, ulcer and deformities of the joint ar e the late features of tuberculous arthritis. extensor apparatus of the knee joint. When the joint The patients are usually children and the condition hyperextended. Injury to the menisci is very important and peculiar to the knee joint osteoarthritis. elicited at the lower part of the fibula if it is frac tured. to the body as a whole at the time of injury should be considered. A blow on the lateral side of to about 20°. the knee joint. Diagnosis is made by the on avulsion of the posterior fragment of the to the leg from the foot i.e. grinding. ff the patient complains of pain by the manoeuvre, there is than the knee jerk. Scar, sinus, ulcer and deformities of the joint ar e the late features of tuberculous arthritis. (iii) Joint space.- Th.is is nothing but the space occupied by the a rticular cartilages a swelling at the joint may not be due to effusion but due to swelling like subcutaneous lipoma or cyst. Sometimes loose body may be felt within the joint Realignment of Bowleg and Knock Knee Deformities. Pain in the hip, knee, and ankle can often be caused by bowlegs ( varus deformity) or knock knees ( valgus deformity). In other words, when our legs are not aligned straight at the hips, knees, and ankles, there can be an abnormal force across the knee. This often leads to pain, cosmetic.

knee ppt - د.محمد نزار - Muhadharat

Tuberculosis of knee - SlideShar

  1. Knee osteotomy is a surgical procedure that your doctor might recommend if you have arthritis damage in just one area of your knee. Osteotomy is also performed in combination with other types of knee surgery, such as cartilage surgery, if your leg is bowed or knock-kneed. The procedure involves removing or adding a wedge of bone to your.
  2. DOI: 10.1302/0301-620X.71B4.2768297 Corpus ID: 6430856. Surgical implications of varus deformity of the knee with obliquity of joint surfaces. @article{Cooke1989SurgicalIO, title={Surgical implications of varus deformity of the knee with obliquity of joint surfaces.}, author={T. Cooke and D. Pichora and D. Siu and R. Scudamore and J. T. Bryant}, journal={The Journal of bone and joint surgery
  3. General data. Knee flexion contracture is a fairly common pathology of the different forms of contracture affects about 15-25% of all patients diagnosed with pathology of the knee joint. In 13-15% of all cases the contracture of the knee joint causes violations of disability and disability of the person

Anatomy of the Knee Joint - SlideShar

Sagittal plane: recurvatum (extension deformities) and flexum (flexion deformities) FRONTAL PLANE. The frontal (or coronal) plane is an example of a longitudinal plane and refers to front and back of the body. Defects can occur through: Varus and valgus deformity ; This is the joint angulation disorder that generally affects the knee True limb length discrepancy is due to shortening or lengthening of bone or joint dislocation. Functional LLD is due to abnormal joint positioning such as pelvic obliquity due to adduction contracture or flexion deformity of knee. LLD may be due to abnormal pelvic height, femoral length, tibial length or foot height Cam Deformity What is it? A cam deformity is an eccentricity at the junction between the head of the femur and the neck. The head of the femur should be virtually spherical and should sit on the neck like a lollipop on a (broad) stick: quite symmetrically: if it doesn't sit symmetrically, the range of hip flexion (knee to chest movement) will be restricted or uncomfortable Principles of Deformity Correction is a comprehensive text on the analysis, planning, and treatment of lower limb deformities in an accessible and instructive format. It teaches the analysis, planning, and methods of deformity correction. A foundation of understanding normal alignment is presented

Total knee replacement (tkr) ppt - SlideShar

Joint disease, any of the diseases or injuries that affect human joints. Diseases of the joints may be short-lived or chronic, painful or merely nagging and uncomfortable; they may be confined to one joint or may affect many parts of the skeleton. Learn more about the types of joint disease and their management Deformities about knee joint are frequently observed secondary to growth plate injury or congenital bone disease. Currently, the most common method for correcting these deformities is the center of rotation of angulation (CORA) method developed by Paley et al. [1, 2].By determining the CORA and using the Ilizarov technique with a hinge system guide, deformities can be accurately corrected Hence, that usually leaves invasive knee replacement as the court of last resort. In that surgery, the knee joint in total (or just the outside part) is amputated surgically and a prosthesis is inserted. Pilar's Story. Pilar is a middle-aged woman with a right-sided valgus knee who needed Celebrex just to function

Normal Knee X-rays | Bone and SpineArthritis #1 (ppt 2) - Physical Medicine AndOrthopedic surgery for knee replacement

Knee Replacement Rehabilitation PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Your knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the knee joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have knee problems. Knee problems can cause pain and difficulty walking. Knee problems are very common, and they occur in people of all ages Varus deformities of the knee cause overloading and cartilage wear in the medial compartment, which could exacerbate degeneration of the knee joint. Severe knee OA is a long-term pathological process that could change the alignment of the entire lower limb and accelerate degeneration of the ankle joint [ 3 ]

Knee Deformities - Knee Shoulder Clini

Flexion Deformity of the Knee - Physiopedi

Orthopedic manifestations of congenital insensitivity to pain (CIP) can be devastating if left untreated. Knee deformities are common in patients with CIP and might lead to joint destruction and loss of walking ability. The purpose of the present study was to report the results and complications of guided growth procedures around the knee in patients with CIP Knee. Knee flexion deformity (crouch knee) is the most common knee abnormality in spastic cerebral palsy (, Fig 11). This deformity is associated with hip and ankle flexion contractures and is due to spasticity of the hamstrings (, 25) Total knee arthroplasty for severe valgus deformity. Five to fourteen-year follow-up. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004;86(12):2671-6. Article Google Scholar 2. Ranawat AS, Ranawat CS, Elkus M, Rasquinha VJ, Rossi R, Babhulkar S. Total knee arthroplasty for severe valgus deformity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87 Suppl 1(Pt 2):271-84

Biomechanics Of Knee PowerPoint PPT Presentation

During total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a patient with severe varus deformity, it is almost inevitable that some type of osteotomy and a capsule resection will be required, he said Usually, in the knee, the osteoarthritis will affect the inner half of the joint more than the outer. This may result in progressive deformity with the leg becoming bowed and may cause difficulty. im sharing my journey of my knee replacement to fix the joint deformity as a person with hemophiliadetails of the procedure, cost , difficulties i faced we.. Congenital deformity of knee. Q68.2 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM Q68.2 became effective on October 1, 2020

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Ppt Knee-joint-examination Powerpoint Presentations and

When the joint closest to the foot, the proximal joint, contracts, it is referred to as a hammer toe. [5,6] If the joint closer to the nail, the distal joint, is contracted, the deformity is referred to as a claw toe. [6] In addition, there may be a rotation of the toe, referred to as an adducto varus deformity, which is commonly seen in the. A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means not coded here. A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as M21.A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition This study aimed to determine the best treatment modality for coronal angular deformity of the knee joint in growing children using decision analysis. A decision tree was created to evaluate 3 treatment modalities for coronal angular deformity in growing children: temporary hemiepiphysiodesis using staples, percutaneous screws, or a tension band plate

Ppt Examination-knee Powerpoint Presentations and Slides

Valgus deformity is a term for outward angulation of the distal segment of a bone or joint. The opposite deformation, medial deviation of the distal bone, is called varus. The terms varus and valgus always refer to the direction that the distal segment of the joint points. Valgus knee deformity, imaging and photographs Knee Arthroplasty is also known as Knee replacement surgery. The knee is the largest joint in the body and having healthy knees is required to perform most everyday activities. Arthroplasty is a field of medicine which deals with the surgical reconstruction and total replacement of degenerated joints Septic arthritis is a destructive arthropathy caused by an intra-articular infection that is usually related to severe symptoms such as pain and decreased range of motion.This condition requires prompt treatment aiming to avoid permanent damage to joint, which may result in chronic deformity or mechanical arthritis and even death 7 Knee joint replacement is intended for use in individuals with joint disease resulting from degenerative, rheumatoid and post-traumatic arthritis, and for moderate deformity of the knee. Joint replacement surgery is not appropriate for patients with certain types of infections, any mental or neuromuscular disorder which would create an.

Flexion test in the coronal plane deformities of knee

A varus deformity is a deformity of a bone or joint in which the distal end bends inward. The distal end is the end furthest from the point of attachment; for example, the distal end of the femur is the end which connects to the knee, because the femur's point of attachment is at the pelvis. Varus deformities can occur in a number of bones and. Other joint disorders (M20-M25) Acquired deformities of fingers and toes (M20) M20 - Acquired deformities of fingers and toes NON-BILLABLE CODE. M20.0 - Deformity of finger (s) NON-BILLABLE CODE. M20.00 - Unspecified deformity of finger (s) NON-BILLABLE CODE. M20.001 - Unspecified deformity of right finger (s) BILLABLE CODE

Congenital Deformities of the Knee Musculoskeletal Ke

In many people, the cartilage erosion and bone spurs associated with osteoarthritis affect only one side of the knee joint. This can cause malalignment, which may decrease function and increase pain. Osteoarthritis is a complex condition involving the entire joint. It's mainly known as a wear-and-tear type of arthritis that commonly affects the. Varus deformity. Cubitus varus and cubitus valgus. Specialty. Orthopedics. A varus deformity is an excessive inward angulation ( medial angulation, that is, towards the body's midline) of the distal segment of a bone or joint. The opposite of varus is called valgus. EX: Varus deformity results in a decreased Q angle of the knee joint Introduction. Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a chronic, progressive, degenerative disease especially occurred commonly in older individuals. Knee varus deformities, characterized with bearing axis shifting towards the medial side and a narrowed medial joint space, are commonly observed in patients with KOA and affect 74% of patients [].Despite the fact that two joints sustain similar loads in.

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Congenital deformities about the kne

Introduction. Malalignment of the mechanical axis of the lower limb and rotational deformity result in abnormal forces transmitted across the knee joint (1,2).This subsequently causes osteoarthritis, affecting the quality of life by inducing pain, triggering additional deformities, and limiting daily routine activities (3-7).Proximal tibial osteotomy, firstly described by Jackson et al. Myelomeningocele is the most common and most serious type of spina bifida, a birth defect in which the bones of the spine do not properly form around the spinal cord. Many children with myelomeningocele develop more severe deformities of the spine, such as scoliosis

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