New York City population 1950

Title: 1950 Census: Population of New York by Counties: April 1, 1950 Author: U.S. Census Bureau Created Date: 3/22/2016 2:08:21 P Metadata Updated: November 10, 2020. Unadjusted decennial census data from 1950-2000 and projected figures from 2010-2040: summary table of New York City population numbers and percentage share by Borough, including school-age (5 to 17), 65 and Over, and total population

New York City Population by Borough, 1950 - 2040 - CKA

Harbor village with a population of 4' to New York City, which had a population of 7,891,957, or more than one-half of the population of the State. Under the urban definition established for use in the 1950 Census, the urban population comprises all persons living in (a) places o The 1960 Census was the Eighteenth. This was the first census (see also 1980) to show a decline in the combined total population of top ten cities, with 766,495 (3.5%) fewer people than 1950 Census' top ten cities. The total population of these 10 cities was 20,982,889. 197 1920: 1920 - Population Density by Census Tract. 1920 - Total Population by Census Tract. 1920 - Foreign-born Whites by Census Tract. 1920 - Black Population by Census Tract. 1920 - Persons Born in Austria by Census Tract. 1920 - Persons Born in England by Census Tract. 1920 - Persons Born in Germany by Census Tract Population. New York City's official population stands at approximately 8,340,000, an increase of nearly 162,000 persons since the 2010 Census. To understand our city's population, Department of City Planning (DCP) demographers and geographers compile, analyze and disseminate data produced by the U.S. Census Bureau's decennial (once-a. The 1950 Census : 10 Largest Urban Places: U.S. Resident Population: 151,325,798: Rank Place Population; Population per square mile of land area: 42.6: 1 : New York.

New York City Metro Area Population 1950-2021 MacroTrend

  1. Population according to 1950 Census: 191,555. Population according to 2000 Census: 443,728. Staten Island accounted for less than 2% of the total population of New York City. Staten Island accounts for 5.5% of the total population of New York City. Staten Island's population density was 3,254 people per square mile
  2. New York City is a city located in New York County New York.With a 2020 population of 8,230,290, it is the largest city in New York and the largest city in the United States. New York City is currently declining at a rate of -0.64% annually but its population has increased by 0.67% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 8,175,130 in 2010
  3. population of the State increased by 675,164, or 16.2 percent, over the 4,160,165 . inhabitants enumerated in 1940. .Among the States, New Jer­ sey ranked eighth in population. The 1950 popu­ lation was more than 26 times as large as the population in 1790 when New Jersey was enumer­ ated in the first Federal census. According to the new.
  4. or civil divisions (townships, etc.), with separate figures for cities and other incorporated places, for unincorporated places, for wards of cities 5,000 inhabitants or more, and for urbanized areas
  5. I Indicates an incomplete census. #1 BROOME 1825 Statistical. #2 CAYUGA 1905 Auburn onlys. #3 COLUMBIA City of Hudson only. #4 CORTLAND 1845 Solon, Scott and Willett only. #5 ONONDAGA 1850-1905 Syracuse street/ward index. #6 ST. LAWRENCE 1815 partial census. #7 WARREN Agricultural census only
  6. Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records. New York State was the 11th state to join the Union on July 26, 1788. It was included in all of the federal censuses
  7. median-sized city within New York State, and the average (mean) city population is 37,146—largely a result of the four large cities pulling the average. More than half of the cities (57 percent) have a population of less than 25,000; thus, the typical city in New York State is small. These small cities account for only 20 percent of the.

Unadjusted decennial census data from 1950-2000 and projected figures from 2010-2040: summary table of New York City population numbers and percentage share by Borough, including school-age (5 to.. The population of the state of New York in 1960 was 16.78 million people. The city of New York had a population of 7.782 million in 1960

Title: 1950 Census: Population of Standard Metropolitan Areas: April 1, 1950 Author: U.S. Census Bureau Created Date: 3/22/2016 2:16:40 P US Central City Population Trends by Decade: 1950-2000 The following table includes all US cities of more than 200,000 in 1950 that have not made substantial annexations of new territory, and which had fully developed land areas in 1950. The New York figures exclude Staten Island, which contained considerable undeveloped land in 1950

Top 50 US Metropolitan Areas in 1996: Population from 1950 Where metropolitan areas were consolidated between 1950 and 1996, the 1950 population represents the combined populations of the metropolitan areas as consolidated Legendary photographer Ernst Haas' photographs of a thrumming New York City make up a new book. The Daily Beast Updated Dec. 23, 2020 10:56PM ET / Published Dec. 23, 2020 3:41PM E Like many old, big industrial cities, Chicago peaked in the 1950 Census with a population of 3,620,962. In the 1950s over two percent of the entire U.S. population lived within Chicago city limits. Over a half century later, while America's population doubled, Chicago's population declined

City of New York & Boroughs: Population & Population Density from 1790 6 Table The first reported bank robbery in U.S. history occurs at the City Bank of New York on March 19, 1831. Democrat Andrew Jackson is re-elected president over his opponents, gathering 216 electoral votes to National Republican candidate Henry Clay's 49

#4: Metropolitan Area and Urbanized Area U.S. Census data from 1950-2010 #5: Colonial Port City Populations (Burrows, City Univeristy of New York-Booklyn--website no longer available) for populations 1680-1775 #6: In about 1984 I found a book in the University of Pennsylvania library that had top 20 metro area rankings for the 1860-1980 period The flood of Italians began during the 1800s, when the Italian population of New York City increased from 75,000 to more than 200,000; in 1950, nearly 500,000 Italian-born immigrants were living in the state

New York City Population by Borough, 1950 - 202

Projected Population Growth: 1910-1950 Population Estimates, Source: NY Times Feb 23, 1908 In February of 1908, in an article addressing the need to increase the number of subways going through Manhattan to its outskirts of Brooklyn, Queens, the Bronx, and Richmond, the New York Times provided support for this through a chart of estimated. 1900 1920 1940; Rank Place Population Place Population Place Population; 1. New York, N.Y. 3,437,202: New York, N.Y. 5,620,048: New York, N.Y. 7,454,995: 2. Chicago, Ill Population and Racial Composition Harlem and New York City, 1910 to 2006 Central Harlem Greater Harlem Rest of NYC * Numbers do not add up to 100 percent. The remaining Harlem residents are HIspanics, who were not listed separately until 1980, and individuals who identified themselves as members of other racial groups

Batavia city, New York. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Clear 1 Table. Map. More. Print. CSV. Email. Embed. Twitter. Facebook. Table. In 1970, the largest city in the US was New York, with a population of 7,894,862. The second largest city was Chicago, with a population of 3,366,957. The third largest US city in 1970 was Los Angeles, with a population of 2,816,061. US Population. Rank Based on the latest 2020 data from the US census, the current population of Rochester is 205,695. Rochester, New York is the 111th largest city in the US. What was the peak population of Rochester? The peak population of Rochester was in 1950, when its population was 332,488 NAID: 5835867. 1940 Census Enumeration District Maps-New York-Westchester County-Eastchester-ED 60-24-ED 60-42. Below is the same area in the 1950 census. Note how this map shows buildings and lot lines In the 1950 census Bensonhurst was 99.17% white and 22% of the white population consisted of people who were born in other countries. Half of those people were born in Italy making 10.5% of the population Italian immigrants. Of the remaining .83% of the population .77% is African American leaving only .08% of the population to other nationalities

The New York State Data Center of the Department of Economic Development, the State's lead agency with the Census Bureau, has all the computer tape file information for New York State since 1980. The State Data Center has deposited copies of some Census computer tapes at the State Library, which circulate under normal State Library circulation. Los Angeles Metro Area Population 1950-2021. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Los Angeles metro area from 1950 to 2021. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The current metro area population of Los Angeles in 2021 is 12,459,000, a 0.1% increase from 2020

Demographic history of New York City - Wikipedi

  1. City populations worldwide. Main content of the population.city website is historical and statistical overview of the population for 20.000 cities worldwide. Main population numbers are based on census or estimated numbers from statistical agency of the country
  2. Dallas-Fort Worth Metro Area Population 1950-2021. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area from 1950 to 2021. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The current metro area population of Dallas-Fort Worth in 2021 is 6,397,000, a 1.52% increase from 2020
  3. Source: U.S. Census Bureau. Several trends emerge from the data in Table 1. The cities in the table are clustered together by region, and the cities at the top of the table - cities from the Northeast and Midwest - experience no significant population growth (New York City) or experience dramatic population loss (Detroit and Cleveland)
  4. New York from the 1940s to now. New York in the 1940s was a very different city from what we know today. To supplement our Welcome to 1940s New York website, our Center has compared the 1940s-era demographic characteristics found in a little-known 1943 New York City Market Analysis to population patterns based on current Census data
  5. Census of Housing: 1950; New York City-Peoria Volume V Part VI Block Statistics Interactive Table of Contents Click on the title of the section you wish to view. Document will appear with a bookmarks column on the left side. Use the Table of Contents bookmark to navigate back to this page
  6. '50 Baton Rouge Triples 'Old' City's Population. Aug. 8, 1950. Credit... The New York Times Archives. See the article in its original context from August 8,.
  7. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Pittsburgh metro area from 1950 to 2021. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The current metro area population of Pittsburgh in 2021 is 1,700,000, a 0.23% decline from 2020. The metro area population of Pittsburgh in 2020 was 1,704,000, a 0.35.

Earthquake activity: Watertown-area historical earthquake activity is significantly above New York state average. It is 70% smaller than the overall U.S. average. On 10/7/1983 at 10:18:46, a magnitude 5.3 (5.1 MB, 5.3 LG, 5.1 ML, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 77.9 miles away from the city center On 4/20/2002 at 10:50:47, a magnitude 5.3 (5.3 ML, Depth: 3.0 mi. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the Orlando metro area from 1950 to 2021. United Nations population projections are also included through the year 2035. The current metro area population of Orlando in 2021 is 2,002,000, a 1.93% increase from 2020 Tornado activity: New York-area historical tornado activity is above New York state average.It is 44% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 5/28/1973, a category F3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado 31.2 miles away from the New York city center caused between $50,000 and $500,000 in damages.. On 8/8/2007, a category F2 (max. wind speeds 113-157 mph) tornado 11.3 miles away from the.

The Chinatown and Little Italy Historic District is located in downtown New York City. The Chinatown neighborhood was formed from the mid-19th to the early 20th century, a dynamic period in American history when waves of immigrants from all corners of the world came to New York seeking opportunity For Sale: 519000 - Residential, 2 bed, 2 bath, sqft at 1950 Bergen Avenue in Georgetown Thus that street name would not appear within the actual census ED. For a city like New York (Manhattan) in 1950, there are a large number of EDs that consist of a single city block cut diagonally. Such EDs would contain only two streets on the census pages a single racial or ethnic group. New York City's white residents are the most concentrated of all racial/eth-nic groups. White residents represent the majority of the population in 24 percent of New York City census tracts, and 59 percent of the white population live in these tracts. New York City Neighborhood Type

By historical standards, New York is still a relatively new city -- a youngster compared with the likes of London, Cairo or Beijing. But in its short life, New York has captured the world's. Marriage index provided by ReclaimtheRecords.org.This site does not support the current version of your web browser. To get the best possible experience using our website we recommend that you upgrade to a newer version or install another browse Can you name the 50 most populous New York cities and villages in the 1950 Census? Test your knowledge on this geography quiz and compare your score to others. Quiz by Acntx Tags: City Quiz, Population Quiz, 1950, census, New York, Village. Top Quizzes Today. Top Quizzes Today in Geography New York City Birth and Death Records are available using a credit card. Write to the New York City Department of Health, 125 Worth Street, New York, NY 10013. A Hotline telephone number, 212-788-4505, is available for information and for ordering birth and death certificates using a credit card Nassau County (/ ˈ n æ s ɔː, ˈ n æ s aʊ /) is a county in the U.S. state of New York.At the 2010 U.S. census, Nassau County's population was 1,339,532, estimated to have increased to 1,356,924 in 2019. The county seat is Mineola and the largest town is Hempstead.. Nassau County is situated on western Long Island, bordering New York City's borough of Queens to the west, and Suffolk.

Biggest US Cities in 1950 - Historical Population Dat

Population History 1850-1910: 50 Largest US Cities (Municipalities) And 2 Smaller Cities Formerly with more than 400,000 Population In Thousand A megacity is defined as a very large city with a population that exceeds 10 million people. There are 27 megacities in the world today. I n the early 1950s, there were only two on Earth - New York and Tokyo; by 2010, according to United Nations statistics, this number had increased to 24 - and by 2025, the UN predicts, there will be 39 of these super sized cities

Never in the city's history has it experienced such a high inflow of foreign capital and an interest of foreign nationals to live in New York City either full or part-time. An increase of 375,300 residents (or 4.6 percent) from April 2010. The U.S. Census Bureau has estimated New York City's population at 8,550,405 as of July 2015 Online New York Death Records Indexes. New York State Death Indexes (these do not include New York City; see the NYC section below) . New York State Genealogical Research Death Index, 1957 to 50 years ago free; currently ends in late 1970 . Also available at Ancestry: New York State Death Index, 1957-1969 requires payment New York State Death Index, 1880-1956 free from FamilySearch with images.

1950 Census of Population: Population of (State) by Countie

Tornado activity: Hudson-area historical tornado activity is above New York state average.It is 30% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 7/10/1989, a category F4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 15.4 miles away from the Hudson city center injured 20 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.. On 5/29/1995, a category F4 tornado 18.5 miles away from the city. Los Angeles added the most to its population, at 8.7 million residents from 1950 to 2010. Perhaps surprisingly, however, New York also grew strongly, adding 6.9 million residents. Los Angeles, which grew quickly until recently, managed to reduce New York's 8.5 million 1950 lead by only one-fifth by 2010 Hertz used data from the 2012 Census American Community Survey to show how segregated New York City really is. The GIF below shows first, a map of New York City neighborhoods that are less than 2 percent black and less than 2 percent white, then neighborhoods with less than 5 percent of those populations, then 10 percent

History of New York City (1946-1977) - Wikipedi

Media in category 1950 in New York City. The following 27 files are in this category, out of 27 total. Bell telephone magazine (1922) (14568526609).jpg 2,062 × 2,620; 1.35 MB. Bellevue hospital 1950 crop.jpg 426 × 383; 22 KB. Bellevue hospital 1950.jpg 540 × 420; 25 KB Austin, Texas, nearly doubled its population, and it continues to see a large number of new residents each year. Some cities, such as Detroit, have decreased in population. The Motor City, which once had 1.8 million residents in the 1950s, went down to a population of 1,027,974 in 1990 and has continued to decline Population Density by Census Tract New York City, 1950 Persons Per Acre 200 and over 150 to 199.9 100 to 149.9 50 to 99.9 25 to 49.9 Under 2

Biggest New York Cities in 1950 - Historical Population Dat

  1. NARA microfilm publication M1931, Index to Selected City Streets and Enumeration Districts, 1930 Census (7 rolls) reproduces a 57-volume typescript index to selected city streets and enumeration districts of the Fifteenth Census of the United States taken in 1930. These records are part of the Records of Bureau of the Census, Record Group (RG) 29
  2. The top 10 would remain the same, except that Boston would be replaced by Phoenix. As a result, only four of 1950s top ten remain in 2030 - New York, Los Angeles, Chicago and Philadelphia (Figure 2). The rise of Phoenix is particularly impressive. In 1950, Phoenix had a population little more than 200,000
  3. The titles of the collections are: Card Index to Street Names and House Addresses in New York County, for the New York State Census for 1905, 1915, and 1925; and. 1915 Queens, New York, State Census Index. The following is a guide to these microform street indexes taken in part from Raymond G. Matthews in an introduction to New York City 1915.
  4. New York America's Largest City? 1.Introduction or 200 years, New York City has been the largest city in the nation, and it continues to outperform most cities that were once its competitors. In the 1990s, the city's population grew by 9 percent and finally passed the eight-million mark
  5. Because this is what NYC was like in the 1970s

1950 United States census - Wikipedi

  1. Doggett's New York City Directory for 1850-51, cost $2 (a princely sum), and recorded the names and addresses of some 80, 290 New Yorkers living or doing business as far North as 42nd Street. New York City's population in 1850 was around 696,000. Doggett's New York City Directory for 1850-1851: Churches Inde
  2. History. The oldest part of the city, the island of Manhattan, still has its original Lenape Native American name. Although Native people such as the Lenape and Canarsees had lived there for many thousands of years, New York City was first explored by Europeans in the 1500s. Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano found the entrance to New York Harbor in the year 1524 and English explorer.
  3. Redefined by the city's growth, changing populations, and the plans of real estate developers, New York City neighborhoods are ever-evolving entities. They can be researched through our collections—useful materials include neighborhood and borough-specific histories, NYC guidebooks, city agency reports, local newspapers, clippings, statistical data, and maps
Demographics of Manhattan - Wikipedia

Demographics of New York City - Wikipedi

  1. Affairs, United Nations, Two United Nations Plaza, DC2-1950, New York, 10017, USA; phone: +1 212-963-3209; email: population@un.org. Suggested citation: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (201). World Urbanization 9 Prospects: The 2018 Revision (ST/ESA/SER.A/420). New York: United Nations
  2. New York City has one of the highest population densities of 28,317 persons per square mile. New York is considered one of the world's financial, cultural, and media capitals with significant influence on business, fashion, entertainment, education, art, tourism, and more. Los Angeles is the second-most populous city in the U.S., with over 3.
  3. New York, State Census, 1925 includes Bronx County (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) 1900 1950-1955 (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) IRISH-NEW-YORK-CITY The Irish and Irish-American experience in New York City throughout history
  4. Population Notes 1 New York City: New York: 33,131: New York ranked as the nation's most populous city at the time of the first census count. [lower-alpha 1] 2 Philadelphia: Pennsylvania: 28,522: Prior to 1854, the term Philadelphia referred to present-day Center City
  5. It doubled in 50 years and recorded residents in 1950 are 14.8 million. by the year 1970 New york state registered 18 million and then started dropping from 1970, by 1980 down by 3.7% and the population is 17.5 million with a change of half million, then the population gained slowly by the year 1990 to 17.9 and 18.9 million in 2000
These Maps Show Just How Segregated New York City Really

Top 10 Most Dangerous Neighborhoods in New York City. 1. Brownsville. When it comes to drug related deaths, murder and homicide, Brownsville beats every other city in New York to it. This neighborhood is also in record to have the lowest life expectancy rate and highest infant mortality Tornado activity: Troy-area historical tornado activity is above New York state average.It is 42% smaller than the overall U.S. average.. On 8/28/1973, a category F4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 25.7 miles away from the Troy city center killed 4 people and injured 36 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.. On 7/10/1989, a category F4 tornado 30.5 miles away. NEW YORK CITY'S GROWTH AND CHANGING CENTRES.; Figures Show That Our Population Increases at the Rate of 17,000 a Month -- Business Buildings Encroaching on Residential Property -- A Population of. Introduction to Census Records Search Census Records Online You can start your census records search with only: The name of your relative or ancestor, and The state where he or she resided. The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and a census has been taken every ten years since. However, data from recent censuses are not available after 1940 because of a 72-year restriction on.

There were just over 43 million rental households in the U.S. in 2017. They make up about 36 percent of all housing units, a figure that has recently plateaued after climbing steadily for several. Figure 1 plots the trajectory of New York City where the population was relatively flat from 1950 to 1970 before a 20-year decline and then resurgence after 1990. The city's areal size remained constant at 303 square miles from 1950 to 2010 What follows is a list of the largest city at each point in history since 3100 BCE. It lacks population data for many cities but does provide a list of the largest cities throughout time. By looking at the first and second lines of the table, we see that Memphis remained the largest city in the world from at least 3100 BCE to 2240 BCE when. Chautauqua County, New York 's estimated population is 125,765 with a growth rate of -0.45% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Chautauqua County, New York is the 24th largest county in New York. The 2010 Population was 134,725 and has seen a growth of -6.65% since this time New York City - New York City - Brooklyn: The most populous borough of New York, Brooklyn occupies 81 square miles (210 square km) to the east of Manhattan on the western fringe of Long Island. Sections of the area were first settled by the Dutch in the 1630s, and six largely agricultural towns—Brooklyn, Flatlands, Flatbush, New Utrecht, Bushwick, and Gravesend—soon thrived

New York State Census Records Onlin

The Newark Public Library, New Jersey State Library, Rutgers University Library, and Family History Library have microfilm copies of all New Jersey state censuses. State censuses were taken beginning in 1855. Some records are missing, as indicated below: 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915 - All counties are available New York City has the second largest population of Jews in the world, only after Israel. New York has, for many years, been a safe haven for Jews from all over the world. Even now, New York City remains the main entry port and site of settlement for new Jewish immigrants to the United States Long Island City is an area in Queens,New York City,New York with a population of 48,188. There are 23,587 male residents living in Long Island City and 24,601 female residents. The total number of households is 21,717 with 2 people per household on average.The median age of the current population is 34 with 18,682 people being married and 23,966 being single

The Harlem Renaissance - UTA October 2010: The Great MigrationMuddy Colors: Artist of the Month: Currier & Ives14 Vintage Photos of Delaware in the 1950sFrom Concept to Post Production: Dystopian Worlds and22 Fun Facts About Pasadena, California

New York, New York Population History 1840 - 201

A population of 100,000 by 1950 is not at all impossible. In 1930, New Rochelle had 54,000 residents, who, in the early years of the 1930s, had the highest per capita income of any city residents in New York State. New Rochelle never reached the magical 100,000 figure New York City may be an expensive place to live. numbers show that New York City now has recouped the roughly 250,000 population that was estimated but not found in the city by the 2010 censu The city of New York is also where two of the world's largest stock exchange is situated in the form of NASDAQ and New York Stock Exchange. Population of New York City in 2020: To find out the population of New York City in 2020, the population figures for the past 5 years need to be checked. They are as follows: 2015 -8.55 Millio

List of most populous cities in the United States by decad

Syracuse is a city located in Onondaga County New York.With a 2020 population of 141,491, it is the 5th largest city in New York (after New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, and Yonkers) and the 194th largest city in the United States. Syracuse is currently declining at a rate of -0.29% annually and its population has decreased by -2.53% since the most recent census, which recorded a population. Albany is a city located in Albany County New York.With a 2020 population of 95,358, it is the 6th largest city in New York and the 344th largest city in the United States. Albany is currently declining at a rate of -0.57% annually and its population has decreased by -2.55% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 97,856 in 2010. Albany reached it's highest population of. New York City's large Puerto Rican population historically had its principal centre in eastern Harlem, along Park Avenue from 96th Street northward, in an area known pejoratively as Spanish Harlem. By 2010, however, the Hispanic community was concentrated in central Harlem, and east Harlem's overall population numbers stood at. People QuickFacts Poughkeepsie New York; Population, 2003 estimate : 30,174: 19,190,115: Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2003 : 1.0 The Decline of New York's Inpatient Mental Health-Care System. In 2017, the most recent year for which survey data are available, 139,403 seriously mentally ill adults statewide and 72,363 in the New York City region were served by public mental health programs.[] These numbers represent small fractions of the total seriously mentally ill adults in the state and city (865,000 and 239,000.

Planning-Population-Historical Population Information - DC

Brooklyn Borough, Kings County, New York - - 1930 Federal Census Team Transcription. Microfilmed on 55 rolls, T626-1491 to T626-1544. T626-1491. 903 to 921, 1704, 922 to 930, 1705, 931 to 933, 1706, 934, 1707, 935 to 937. Brooklyn Borough, Assembly Dist. 1 (Part Get this from a library! Population of Puerto Rican birth or parentage, New York City, 1950; data for boroughs, health areas, and census tracts.. [Community Council of Greater New York. Research Bureau.; U.S. Bureau of the Census.