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Pfannenstiel incision used for

The Pfannenstiel incision is a type of surgical incision made in the lower abdomen. It is used primarily in women during childbirth through the abdomen, also known as cesarean section. This incision can also be used to perform surgery on organs of the female reproductive system Use of the Pfannenstiel incision, which marries a cosmetically acceptable low transverse abdominal incision with a vertical midline fascial incision, also presumes that the scope of the pathology has been accurately assessed prior to surgery A Pfannenstiel incision / ˈfɑːnɪnʃtiːl /, Kerr incision, Pfannenstiel-Kerr incision or pubic incision is a type of abdominal surgical incision that allows access to the abdomen. It is used for gynecologic and orthopedics surgeries, and it is the most common method for performing Caesarian sections today The Pfannenstiel incision is praised for its low incidence of incisional hernias (0-2%) and esthetically pleasing appearance ever since its introduction in 1900. 1 A Pfannenstiel approach (also termed the bikini-cut) is frequently used for safe access in pelvic surgery including cesarean deliveries and gynecologic interventions Pfannenstiel incision The Pfannenstiel incision is a firm favourite of obstetricians for accessing the gravid uterus for which a curvilinear incision is made through the skin and subcutaneous fat, then a longitudinal incision made in the linea alba

What is a Pfannenstiel Incision? (with pictures

Pfannenstiel Incision - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Pfannenstiel Incision 26. • Used frequently by gynecologist and urologist for access to pelvic organ, bladder, prostate and for c- section. • is usually 12 cm long and is made in skin fold approximately 5 cm above symphysis pubis. 27 Pfannenstiel incision Page 1 PANTOGEN OPERATION SCRIPT SECTION 8.00 PFANNELSTIEL INCISION STEP NUMBER 8.01 CHOOSE THE INCISION SITE We prefer a Pfannenstiel incision. It gives good access. It can be extended laterally. It appears to lead to fewer respiratory problems than a midline incision Pfannenstiel's Incisions: These are the most common muscle-separating incisions. They are frequently used for women's reproductive- and urinary system-related operations. They are commonly used for cesarean delivery because they provide a cosmetically better appearance At present, the most frequently used type of skin incision is the Pfannenstiel incision. In general, the skin incision should be determined by the physician based on the clinical situation and the skill of the surgeon

Pfannenstiel incision. The Pfannenstiel incision results in good exposure to the central pelvis but limits exposure to the lateral pelvis and upper abdomen. These factors limit the usefulness of this incision for gynecologic cancer surgery. If the patient is thin and has a gynecoid or platypelloid pelvis, this incision can be used for a radical. The Pfannenstiel incision has been used also in laparoscopic hepatectomy for benign liver tumors [ 11 ], laparoscopically assisted subtotal colectomy [ 12 ], and laparoscopically assisted colectomy with ileoanal pouch construction [ 13 ] Pfannenstiel: Surgeons may use a Pfannenstiel incision to access the pelvic region, such as in the case of an emergency cesarean delivery. Subcostal: A subcostal incision is a diagonal cut across.

5)Pfannenstiel Incision Used frequently by gynecologist and urologist for access to pelvic organ, bladder, prostate and for c- section. is usually 12 cm long and is made in skin fold approximately 5 cm above symphysis pubis. 15 Pfannenstiel incision provides good exposure, facilitating neobladder reconstruction, can be used for specimen retrieval, bowel anastomosis and heals better with a cosmetic scar [ 4]. Manoharan et al. [ 4] had conducted a similar study in 2011 The incision in the skin is usually chosen for cosmetic reasons, while the one in the uterus is chosen for medical reasons. The low transverse skin (Pfannenstiel) incision is made crosswise along the pubic hairline. (See Figure 9.2) This bikini cut is preferred for cosmetic reasons because the scar is barely noticeable

During this procedure a Pfannenstiel incision is made, the abdominal cavity is opened and explored, and a needle biopsy is performed. Subsequently the uterus is also removed. The approach for both of these procedures is open. In this case the laparotomy was the technique used to reach both procedural sites, the liver and the uterus Gynecologic surgeons often use a suprapubic incision for obstetric and pelvic surgery. Since the initial description by J. Pfannenstiel, 1 other transverse incisions have been reported. The main difference is transection of the rectus muscle as performed by Maylard, 2 which was not in the Pfannenstiel 1 technique Joel-Cohen incision originally introduced for hysterectomy. This is a straight transverse incision somewhat higher than the Pfannenstiel incision. This method is restrictive in the use of sharp instruments, preferring manual manipulation. There is a quicker recovery period, and less use of post-operative antibiotics and analgesics

A Pfannenstiel incision /ˈf?ːn?n?tiːl/, Kerr incision, Pfannenstiel-Kerr incision or pubic incision is a type of abdominal surgical incision that allows access to the abdomen. It is used for gynecologic and orthopedics surgeries, and it is the most common method for performing Caesarian sections today The original Pfannenstiel incision is discussed including the technique, history, current indications, advantages, and disadvantages. Excellent cosmetic results, principles of less traumatic surgery, and a rare incisional hernia complication rate of about 0-2%, as well as long-time use characterise this access path to the pelvic organs first described by the German gynaecologist in 1900 To validate standardized instructions for the creation, implementation, and performance assessment of a low-fidelity model for Pfannenstiel incision. Study Design The Pfannenstiel model used at the University of Florida-Jacksonville was broken down into composite steps and constructed by obstetrics-gynecology faculty from across the country

Pfannenstiel-kerr incision, or: laparotomy. This large abdominal incision can be used for sterilization, it's also large enough to deliver a child by cesarean section. It's also used for hysterectomies. Like its smaller counterpart, the Pfannenstiel incision is slightly curved on your body Pfannenstiel incision: infraumbilical transverse incision in the lower abdomen; mostly used for gynaecological and obstetric procedures. The skin is incised transversely, often with a convexity downward to avoid dissection of blood vessels and nerves. Lanz incision and Gridiron incisions: used to access the appendix, mostly to perform. The most commonly used incisions are the midline vertical incision (A) and the Pfannenstiel (B). The Maylard incision ( C ) is a transverse incision between the umbilicus and the symphysis pubis. The supraumbilical incision, either transverse ( D ) or longitudinal, can be useful for obese women A Pfannenstiel incision is a curvilinear transverse incision across the lower abdomen and within or superior to the hairline of the pubis developed by German gynecologist, Herman Johannes Pfannenstiel (1862-1909). The incision follows the Langer's lines of the natural skinfolds. The rectus fascia is incised transversely below the arcuate line.

Caesarean Section

A Pfannenstiel incision is usually used placed just above the pubic symphysis, as this allows the incision to be joined to a lateral window incision, similar to that used in the classical ilioinguinal approach. 3. Deep dissection In addition to improved cosmetic outcome compared with midline incision, it has been established that the Pfannenstiel incision is associated with a lower incidence of wound infection and future hernia.[18,19] In our opinion, the described combined technique is feasible and can be easily and rapidly performed in selected patients

Surgical incisions

An incision of about 15 cm (6 inches) is then typically made through the mother's lower abdomen. Pfannenstiel is best remembered for the eponymous Pfannenstiel incision, a transverse incision used in genitourinary surgery that is still widely used today A transverse Pfannenstiel incision has been used to perform RRP. 14 The original Pfannenstiel incision was described by a German gynecologist in 1900. 15 This 'Bikini' incision is still. In 124 operations the Pfannenstiel incision was used, and in 121 the Joel-Cohen method. Two criteria were used to assess the short-term post- operative recovery: febrile morbidity, and the degree of pain. Febrile morbidity was defined as a temperature over 38 on 2 days excluding the first 24 h [2]. To monitor pain, patient requirement for post.

mid-line longitudinal incision or with techniques including steps known to be of disadvantage (i.e. closure of the peritoneum and two-layers uterine suture) (12, 14). A modified Joel-Cohen technique has been used in some studies followed by non-closure of the visceral and pelvic peritoneum com-pared with the conventional Pfannenstiel incision A Pfannenstiel skin incision is slightly curved and is located 2 to 3 centimeters or 2 fingerbreadths above the symphysis pubis. The midportion of the incision is within the hair-bearing area of the mons. The hair should be removed in this case. A Joel-Cohen incision, in contrast, is straight rather than curved. It is 3 cm below the line. Background The Pfannenstiel incision, widely used in gynecological surgery, has been reported to be associated with lower rates of wound complications than midline incisions in open surgery. However, its effect on wound complications in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is not well understood I attempted to place the 10-12 laparoscopic trocar through this incision directly into the cyst but was uncomfortable proceeding blindly. I went ahead with a 5-cm suprapubic Pfannenstiel skin incision which was carried down to the fascia. Fascia was opened transversely and then blunty and sharply dissected off underlying rectus muscles Cesarean Misgav-Ladach Pfannenstiel-Kerr 1. Background The Misgav-Ladach (ML) technique, for cesarean delivery, was described by Michael Stark based on the Joel-Cohen incision ().The technique was initially introduced at Misgav Ladach hospital, Israel and so is known by the hospital where it was development

Conclusion: Pfannenstiel skin incision is associated with less morbidity and earlier recovery. Keywords: subumbilical midline, Pfannenstiel, skin incision, caesarean section. INTRODUCTION Caesarean section is the commonest major operation performed by the obstetrician worldwide. Operative techniques used for caesarean section vary and some of. The Joel-Cohen incision, which includes blunt separation of tissue long natural planes, is a linear incision placed several centimeters above the Pfannenstiel incision, which is a curvilinear incision generally concealed in the regrowth of pubic hair when correctly placed just above the pubic symphysis. 2 The Maylard incision-a muscle-cutting. tion. When a Maylard incision is used, an additional tendinous inscription forms at the incisional site in the rectus muscle. By reviewing these anatomic facts, it can be seen that a transverse abdominal incision, for example, the Maylard or Pfannenstiel incision, is more anatomically correct than a vertical incision

Pfannenstiel incision provides good exposure, facilitating neobladder reconstruction, can be used for specimen retrieval, bowel anastomosis and heals better with a cosmetic scar . Manoharan et al. had conducted a similar study in 2011. He showed that, for those with pfannenstiel incision the mean hemoglobin drop was 1.8 ± 1 g per deciliter. Find the perfect pfannenstiel stock photo. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. No need to register, buy now

Pfannenstiel incision - Wikipedi

A comparison of the type of suture used for cesarean skin incision approximation and the subsequent rate of wound complications has not been widely studied. Investigators seek to compare poliglecaprone 25 and polyglactin 910 suture used in a subcuticular skin closure in Pfannenstiel incisions during cesarean birth and determine the subsequent. Pfannenstiel is best remembered for the eponymous Pfannenstiel incision, a transverse incision used in genitourinary surgery that is still widely used today. Hermann Johannes Pfannenstiel-Wikipedia. A transverse (Pfannenstiel) incision is made through the abdominal wall, usually above the pubic bone, as close to the upper hair line of the.

The Pfannenstiel Incision as a Source of Chronic Pain

  1. al exposure, increased risk of hematoma or seroma formation--especially in the.
  2. This technique has been associated with a significantly lower incidence of IH 0% to 2% (27,28).In gynecological procedures, Pfannenstiel incision is used for the majority of pelvic procedures and has shown favorable outcomes including ileus, length of hospital stay and wound infections (27,29).A retrospective cohort study of 2,148 patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal resection was done.
  3. This study suggests that use of NBCA results in wound outcomes equivalent to those of sutures for Pfannenstiel incisions, indicating that NBCA is a safe option for cesarean skin closure. The present study was conducted on consecutive pregnant women who underwent cesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel skin incision

Abdominal Surgical Incisions Gridiron Pfannenstiel

  1. al surgery
  2. al surgical incision that allows access to the abdomen. It is used for gynecologic and orthopedics surgeries, and it is the most common method for perfor
  3. al anatomical area implicated.[23,37] In comparison to the Misgav-Ladach, the Pfannenstiel skin incision is smaller, but in a lower abdo
  4. g a total abdo
  5. This is a case of a one-stage laparoscopic resection of rectal cancer and synchronous liver metastasis utilizing a Pfannenstiel incision to extract both specimens. Nevertheless, the experience of surgeons in advanced laparoscopic colorectal and hepatic surgery is fundamental to the success of this type of collaborative surgery

A 6 cm Pfannenstiel incision is made to insert the kidney into the peritoneal pouch, lateral to the right iliac vessels. After clamping the external iliac vein with Bulldogs clamps, a venotomy is performed, and the graft renal vein is anastomosed to the external iliac vein in an end-to-side continuous manner with a 6/0 polytetrafluoroethylene. Pfannenstiel incision synonyms, Pfannenstiel incision pronunciation, Pfannenstiel incision translation, English dictionary definition of Pfannenstiel incision. a surgical cut into soft tissue; a notch as in the edge of a leaf Not to be confused with: abscission - an act of cutting off; the process by which plant.. The original Pfannenstiel incision is discussed including the technique, history, current indications, advantages, and disadvantages. Excellent cosmetic results, principles of less traumatic surgery, and a rare incisional hernia complication rate of about 0-2%, as well as long-time use characterise this access path to the pelvic organs first described by the German gynaecologist in 1900. the use of a modified Pfannenstiel (PFN) incision for specimen retrieval after retroperitoneoscopic renal surgery. Although a formal analysis comparing different types of incisions was not performed in their study, the authors felt that this approach provided increased patient comfort and cosmesis compared with the use of an expanded lateral.

Module ACO

  1. The right colon is held by the surgeon with the ProGrasp on arm 2, the left colon by the assistant. A double running suture colocolic end-to-end anastomosis is performed with two needle-holders on arms 1 and 3. Afterward, the robotic system is undocked and a Pfannenstiel incision is performed for specimen extraction
  2. al cavity in women, because it results in an easily concealed scar and a very low incidence of subsequent incisional hernias
  3. This is part of the Gynsurgery guidelines used in an educational setting for residents in Ob-Gyn. Midline Repeat midline if previous midline Pelvic mass at umbilicus or above Pelvic mass with 5% or greater chance of malignancy Emergent laparotomy due to severe hemorrhage Transverse incision would fall under a pannus Maylard For benign uterine masses with lateral extension (e.g. fibroids) For.
  4. This approach is challenging, as the instruments are in close proximity with the target operative field, limiting maneuverability. Thus, when this approach is used, we favor a single plus one technique using a Pfannenstiel incision with an additional 5-mm incision for the camera in order to avoid instrument conflict (FIG 5)

Video: Types of surgical incisions - SterilizationAunt

Beyond the Pfannenstiel: Minimally invasive incisions for

  1. Instead of separate ports for dissection and an additional (usually Pfannenstiel) incision for extraction of the kidney, a multiport device is placed through a peri-umbilical incision, and through this device are introduced all of the dissecting instruments. When the kidney is ready for extraction, it is removed through the same periumbilical.
  2. Pfannenstiel section (N. J. Pfannenstiel) - suprapubic cosmetic transverse incision of the skin and subcutaneous tissue when, chrevosechenie. Incision Pfannenstiel used in many gynecological operations; in cancer of the cervix and body of the uterus, ovarian cancer it is not recommended
  3. The Pfannenstiel incision was made 2 to 3 cm above the symphysis pubis at the border of the pubic hair. The incision, 8­ to 12­cm long, extended through skin, subcutaneous fat, and rectus sheath and laterally through the fasciae of the internal and external oblique and transversus muscles. Thereafter, the anterior fascia and linea alba were.
  4. Pfannenstiel's incisions: These are the most common muscle-separating incisions. They are frequently used for women's reproductive- and urinary system-related operations. They are commonly used for cesarean delivery because they provide a cosmetically better appearance. They are also known as bikini incisions
  5. al wall,.

Anterior intrapelvic approach to the acetabulu

  1. Abstract. Introduction: Caesarean section is the most common surgical procedure performed in the world. A vast majority of the procedures are carried out with Pfannenstiel incision. Different techniques and materials are used to approximate the skin in caesarean section
  2. Pfannenstiel incision . The Pfannenstiel incision results in good exposure to the central pelvis but limits exposure to the lateral pelvis and upper abdomen. These factors limit the usefulness of this incision for gynecologic cancer surgery. If the patient is thin and has a gynecoid or platypelloid pelvis, this incision can be used for a.
  3. Download this stock image: Transverse incision (known as Pfannenstiel incision) used level pubic hairline incise skin underlying subcutaneous tissue - D4BD6T from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors
  4. A Pfannenstiel incision offers more exposure than a Kustner incision. Lanz Incision: It is a variation of the more common mcburney-incision (also known as Gridiron's incision). It is generally used for open appendectomies. There are quite a few variations for this type of an incision
  5. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the Pfannenstiel incision in reducing SSI rates after laparoscopic-assisted colorectal surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases of laparoscopic-assisted colon resection performed at a single, academic, tertiary hospital from 10/2002 - 9/2008

What are the Different Types of Surgical Incisions

Professor Joel-Cohen introduced this incision for abdominal hysterectomy in 1954 and obstetricians have since used this widely to perform caesarean sections.6 This is a straight transverse incision through the skin, 3 cm below the level of the anterior superior iliac spines (higher than the Pfannenstiel incision; Figure 1). The subcutaneou The Pfannenstiel incision is which type of incision? a. longitudinal midline abdominal c. lower transverse abdominal b. oblique abdominal d. supraumbilical. 81. The three layers of the uterine wall are the ____. a used to infiltrate in the right upper quadrant subcostal midclavicular line and a 5 mm port was placed through this incision. Under direct laparoscopic vision, we now placed a 12 mm port through a supraumbilical incision and a second 12 mm port was now placed in the right lower quadrant in the pelvis region. Immediately, we switche

pfennensteil procedure steps Flashcards Quizle

A midline incision (see the image below) is the most commonly used route of access to the abdominal cavity [] ; for this reason, the ensuing discussion of abdominal closure focuses on this incision.The general technique can be applied to other abdominal incisions (some of which are discussed more briefly below); however, it must be kept in mind that the actual layers composing the abdominal. A significant component of post-cesarean pain is incisional pain from the Pfannenstiel incision on the anterior abdominal wall. The sensory supply to the skin, muscles, and parietal peritoneum of the anterior abdominal wall is derived from the anterior rami of T7-L1. After exiting the spinal column, these nerves proceed through the lateral. We used fixed-effect meta-analysis for com- hen incision with Pfannenstiel incision for laparotomic access. Two bining data in the absence of significant heterogeneity if trials were studies compared transverse muscle-cutting incisions - Mouchel sufficiently similar

Anatomy, Incisions, and Closures Obgyn Ke

The transverse suprapubic skin incision is the most common technique used for Caesarean delivery in the developed world as well as majority of developing countries. The Pfannenstiel incision and Joel-Cohen abdominal incision are the commonly followed lower abdominal incisions in Caesarean section Lower midline incision or Pfannenstiel incision Cut the linea alba After blunt dissection of the retropubic space (cavum retzii), insert a wound retractor Vertical cystostomy, which is secured with sutures to prevent further tearing Remove bladder stones, foreign bodies or bladder tamponade, controll bleeding The Pfannenstiel incision is used for routine surgery in our center, but a disadvantage of this technique is that the surgeon does not have a good view during sur-gery. We, therefore, decided to use a new technique, the Maylard incision, which does not suffer from this disad-vantage, and also produces acceptable cosmetic results

Pfannenstiel incision - curved incision two fingers width above the pubic symphysis Joel-Cohen incision - straight incision that is slightly higher (this is the recommended incision) Laparoscopic surgery involves several 5-10mm incisions to allow the cameras and instruments to be inserted into the abdomen via port sites This incision is commonly used in emergency cesarean sections as well as a site of extraction for pathological specimens that have been excised elsewhere within the abdominal cavity. Subcostal approach. This incision starts inferior to the xiphoid process and extends inferior and parallel to the costal margin

Skin and Uterine Incisions of Cesarean Delivery - The

During Caesarean section, a Pfannenstiel incision is preferred; this involves a transverse incision of 8-12 cm across the fascia of the rectus sheath, external oblique, internal oblique and the transversus abdominis muscles supra-pubically. No association between previous Caesarean-section delivery and back pain in mid-aged Australian women: an. Pfannenstiel incision answers are found in the Taber's Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web A Pfannenstiel incision offers excellent access to the pelvis and can be used to supplement laparoscopy with open techniques especially for rectal dissection, transection and anastomosis, which are challenging to accomplish laparoscopically. As the Pfannenstiel incision is also associated with the lowest rate of incisional hernia, it should be. Open reduction and plate fixation of the disrupted symphysis pubis is commonly performed through a horizontal Pfannenstiel incision. Certain clinical situations that complicate the soft tissue conditions of the lower abdomen may make the Pfannenstiel incision a less appealing option. We report on the use of a vertical pubic area midline skin incision in a series of patients undergoing open. (HealthDay)—With cesarean deliveries, wound complications are similar for tissue adhesive and sterile strips when used after closure of a Pfannenstiel skin incision, according to a study.

Pfannenstiel incision definition of Pfannenstiel

Pfannenstiel authenticated the Pfannenstiel incision in 1900; it is a horizontal skin incision about 2 cm above pubic symphysis [4]. Joel-Cohen created an incision for abdominal hysterectomy in 1954; nevertheless, obstetricians have since used this widely to do cesarean section [5] The low transverse Pfannenstiel incision and the prevalence of incisional hernia and nerve entrapment. Ann Surg 1997;225:365-9. 19. Orcutt ST, Balentine CJ, Marshall CL, Robinson CN, Anaya DA, Artinyan A, et al. Use of a Pfannenstiel incision in minimally invasive colorectal cancer surgery is associated with a lower risk of wound complications Paramedian incision Pfannenstiel's incision Figure 1 After incising the linea alba and separating the muscles in the midline, open the peritoneum at the cephalad pole of the incision. Expand this cut slightly off midline to avoid the urachus yet adequately expose the peritoneal cavity. Figure 2 Figure 3 Place the incision 2 to 5 cm to the.

Clinical Case - Abdominal Wall - Anatomy Sit

THE late Mr. V. B. Green-Armytage was a constant and eloquent opponent of the Pfannenstiel incision; in his view, it made complicated pelvic surgery a nightmare of inefficiency and its only-and doubtfuladvantage was to allow the patient to wear a bikini on the beach (Green-Armytage, 1960). Pfannenstiel (1900) had, however, a more serious objective when he designed his incision in days. Pfannenstiel incision. Methods: After the approval of the ethics committee and the patients' consent, 75 ASA I-II patients who were aged between 20 and 70 years and scheduled for a gynaecological surgery with Pfannenstiel incision were included in this study. After induction of general anaesthesia, patients were randomly divided into three. To improve cosmesis and operability, we performed three Pfannenstiel laparoendoscopic reduced‐port nephrectomies. Materials and Surgical Technique. In the first case, a GelPOINT access was placed through a 2‐cm umbilical incision, and two additional 3‐mm trocars were inserted. The specimen was extracted through a 4‐cm Pfannenstiel incision

Abdominal incisions - SlideShar

through Pfannenstiel incision, right sacroiliac joint percutaneous screw fixation. Surgical Technique Patient in supine position. Three anchoring sutures through the skin and subcutaneous tissue of anterior abdominal wall used to lift the belly fat using synthetic nylon non-absorbable sutures of size 2-0 This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article Pfannenstiel_incision ; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA PFANNENSTIEL INCISION Use: Allows exploration of the lower GI and UT, as well as the pelvic reproductive organs. Location: A convex 12cm incision, located a the suprapubic skin crease about 5cm above the pubic symphysis. Once the peritoneum is reached, it is incised vertically, taking care to avoid the bladder

Pfannenstiel-incision-Operationscript - Wiki Surger

A Pfannenstiel incision / ˈfɑːnɪnʃtiːl / , Kerr incision , Pfannenstiel-Kerr incision หรือ pubic incision เป็นแผลผ่าตัดประเภทหนึ่งในช่องท้อง ที่ช่วยให้สามารถเข้าถึง หน้าท้อง ใช้สำหรับการผ่าตัดทางนรี. An infra-umbilical midline incision was made for the high-risk patients, and a Pfannenstiel incision was made for the low-risk patients.After laparotomy with either midline or transverse incision, the location of the placenta was examined to choose the type of uterine incision that was safe and optimal for both the mother and foetus METHODS: Patients were assigned randomly to a Pfannenstiel or Maylard incision. Postoperative treatment was similar for each group. Surgical characteristics, complications, postoperative pain (visual analog scale, analgesic use), and related quality of life (1- and 3-month self-administered questionnaires) were analyzed

Ob/Gyn Updated : Suprapannicular Incision Technique forOperations on the Abdominal Wall | GLOWMHow Do I Treat an Itchy Incision? (with pictures)ABDOMINAL, TAP & PEC INFILTRATION
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